sovereign state in Western Asia

Lebanon (Arabic: لبنان Lubnān), officially the Lebanese Republic (Arabic: الجمهورية اللبنانية), is a small, largely mountainous country in the Middle East, located at the eastern edge of the Mediterranean Sea. Due to its sectarian diversity, Lebanon follows a special political system known as confessionalism, meant to distribute power as evenly as possible among different sects.[1] The country enjoyed relative calm and prosperity, driven by the tourism, agriculture, and banking sectors of the economy,[2] until the onset of wars beginning with the Lebanese Civil War (1975-1990) and continuing through recent conflicts like the 2006 Lebanon War.


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  1. Countries Quest. "Lebanon, Government". Retrieved December 14, 2006.
  2. U.S. Department of State. "Background Note: Lebanon (History) August 2005" Retrieved December 2, 2006.