former princely state, now a disputed territory between China, India and Pakistan
Not to be confused with Kashmir Valley

Kashmir (Kashmiri: کٔشِیر / कॅशीर; Hindi: कश्मीर; Urdu: کشمیر‎), archaically spelled Cashmere, is in the northwestern region of South Asia. Until the mid-19th century, the term Kashmir geographically denoted only the valley between the Great Himalayas and the Pir Panjal mountain range. As of 2021, the wider region of Kashmir is disputed among Pakistan, India and China.


In 1895 he [Albert Frederick] was mountaineering in the Nanga Parbat group of the Kashmir Himalayas. He was last seen on 23 Aug., and it is believed that he was overwhelmed by an avalanche while traversing a snow pass. - Albert Frederick.
  • They ‘persecuted the few bramins who still remained firm in their religion; and by putting all to death, who refused to embrace Mahomedism. He drove those who still lingered in Kashmeer entirely out of that kingdom.’
    • About Ameer Khan (Ally Shah) in Kashmir. Ferishtah MQHS (1829) History of the Rise of the Mahomedan Power in India, translated by John Briggs, D.K. Publishers Distributors (P) Ltd, New Delhi, Vol. IV (1997 imprint), p. 268-9 as quoted in Khan, M. A. (2011). Islamic Jihad: A legacy of forced conversion, imperialism and slavery.
  • ‘Ten seers’ (twenty pounds) weight of sacred threads (the symbol of high caste status) were collected from forcibly converted Hindus, many of whom were later to ‘reconvert’ to Hinduism.
    • Bahadur Singh, Yadgar-I-Bahaduri Mss. 30,786 (also [1])
  • Oh, pilot of the storm who leaves no trace
    Like thoughts inside a dream.
    Heed the path that led me to that place,
    Yellow desert stream.
    My Shangri-La beneath the summer moon
    Will return again.
    Sure as the dust that floats b'hind you
    When movin' through Kashmir.
    • Led Zeppelin: Kashmir
  • “Fath Shãh ascended the throne in AH 894 (AD 1488-89)… In those days Mîr Shams, a disciple of Shãh Qãsim Anwar, reached Kashmir and people became his devotees. All endowments, imlãk, places of worship and temples were entrusted to his disciples. His Sûfîs used to destroy temples and no one could stop them…”
    • Tabqãt-i-Akharî by Nizamuddin Ahmad. Sultãn Fath Shãh of Kashmir (AD 1489-1499 and 1505-1516) Kashmir
  • “On the imprisonment of Mahomed, Futteh Khan, assuming the reigns of government, and being formally crowned, was acknowledged King of Kashmeer in the year 902; and appointed Suffy and Runga Ray, the two officers who had lately made their escape, his ministers. About this time one Meer Shumsood-Deen, disciple of Shah Kasim Anwur, the son of Syud Mahomed Noorbukhsh arrived in Kashmeer from Irak. Futteh Khan made over to this holy personage all the confiscated lands which had lately fallen to the crown; and his disciples went forth destroying the temples of the idolaters, in which they met with the support of the government, so that no one dared to oppose them. In a short time many of the Kashmeeries, particularly those of the tribe of Chuk, became converts to the Noorbukhsh tenets. The persuasion of this sect was connected with that of the Sheeas; but many proselytes, who had not tasted of the cup of grace, after the death of Meer Shumsood-Deen, reverted to their idols…”
    • Tãrîkh-i-Firishta by Firishta. Sultãn Fath Shãh of Kashmir (AD 1485-1499 and 1505-1516) Kashmir

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