Joan of Arc
Jehanne Darc also known as Jeanne d'Arc (Joan of Arc) (c. 1412 – 30 May 1431) was a religious visionary, martyr, saint and heroine of France. Burned at the stake as a heretic after sentencing by a tribunal of pro-English clergy, she was later cleared of the charges during an appellate trial of the Inquisition on 7 July 1456, and canonized as a saint of the Catholic Church on 16 May 1920.
- "...you shall never hold the Kingdom of France from God, the King of Heaven, the son of St. Mary; but King Charles, the true heir, will hold it; for God, the King of Heaven wishes it so...."
- From her ultimatum to the English commanders at Orleans, dictated to a scribe on 22 March 1429; excerpt from the translation in "Joan of Arc: Her Story" (1999) by Regine Pernoud and Marie-Veronique Clin, p. 34.
- "You ruin the sacraments of the Church, you rend the articles of Faith, you destroy churches... What rage or madness drives you? This Faith, which Almighty God, which the Son, which the Holy Spirit have revealed, established, given sway and glorified a thousandfold through miracles is the faith which you persecute.... if I do not hear that you have corrected yourselves, I may well leave these English and set off against you, so that, by the sword if I cannot otherwise, I may remove your madness and foul superstition... if you choose instead to return to the Catholic faith and to the original source of light, send me your ambassadors and I shall tell them what you must do."
- From her ultimatum to the Hussites, dictated to a scribe on 23 March 1430; excerpt from the translation in "Joan of Arc: Her Story" (1999) by Regine Pernoud and Marie-Veronique Clin, p. 259.
- Children say that people are hanged sometimes for speaking the truth.
- From the trial transcript, as quoted in World Famous Women: Types of Female Heroism, Beauty, and Influence from the Earliest Ages to the Present Time (1881) by Frank Boott Goodrich, p. 126
- Variant translation: There is a saying among children that sometimes one is hanged for speaking the truth.
- About Jesus Christ and the Church, I simply know they're just one thing, and we shouldn't complicate the matter.
- From the trial transcript, as quoted in The Catechism of the Catholic Church (1994)
- Alas! that my body, clean and whole, never been corrupted, today must be consumed and burnt to ashes!
- As quoted by Jean Toutmouille during the retrial after her execution (5 March 1449), as quoted in Jeanne d'Arc, maid of Orleans, Deliverer of France (1902) by T. Douglas Murray
- I do not fear men-at-arms; my way has been made plain before me. If there be men-at-arms my Lord God will make a way for me to go to my Lord Dauphin. For that am I come.
Trial records (1431) edit
- Saint Joan of Arc's Trials edited by T. Douglas Murray (1903) updated into modern English usage by Mathias Gabel and Carlyn Iuzzolino
- If ever I do escape, no one shall reproach me with having broken or violated my faith, not having given my word to any one, whosoever it may be.
- It is true I wished to escape; and so I wish still; is not this lawful for all prisoners?
- First public examination (21 February 1431)
- I was thirteen when I had a Voice from God for my help and guidance. The first time that I heard this Voice, I was very much frightened; it was mid-day, in the summer, in my father's garden. I had not fasted the day before. I heard this Voice to my right, towards the Church; rarely do I hear it without its being accompanied also by a light. This light comes from the same side as the Voice. Generally it is a great light. Since I came into France I have often heard this Voice. … If I were in a wood, I could easily hear the Voice which came to me. It seemed to me to come from lips I should reverence. I believe it was sent me from God. When I heard it for the third time, I recognized that it was the Voice of an Angel. This Voice has always guarded me well, and I have always understood it; it instructed me to be good and to go often to Church; it told me it was necessary for me to come into France. You ask me under what form this Voice appeared to me? You will hear no more of it from me this time. It said to me two or three times a week: 'You must go into France.' My father knew nothing of my going. The Voice said to me: 'Go into France !' I could stay no longer. It said to me: 'Go, raise the siege which is being made before the City of Orleans. Go !' it added, 'to Robert de Baudricourt, Captain of Vaucouleurs: he will furnish you with an escort to accompany you.' And I replied that I was but a poor girl, who knew nothing of riding or fighting. I went to my uncle and said that I wished to stay near him for a time. I remained there eight days. I said to him, 'I must go to Vaucouleurs.' He took me there. When I arrived, I recognized Robert de Baudricourt, although I had never seen him. I knew him, thanks to my Voice, which made me recognize him.
- The Voice had promised me that, as soon I came to the King, he would receive me. Those of my party knew well that the Voice had been sent me from God; they have seen and known this Voice, I am sure of it. My King and many others have also heard and seen the Voices which came to me: there were there Charles de Bourbon and two or three others. There is not a day when I do not hear this Voice; and I have much need of it. But never have I asked of it any recompense but the salvation of my soul.
- Second public examination (22 February 1431)
- The light comes at the same time as the Voice. … I will not tell you all; I have not leave; my oath does not touch on that. My Voice is good and to be honored. I am not bound to answer you about it. I request that the points on which I do not now answer may be given me in writing. … You shall not know yet. There is a saying among children, that 'Sometimes one is hanged for speaking the truth.'" [She is asked : Do you know if you are in the grace of God?] If I am not, may God place me there; if I am, may God so keep me. I should be the saddest in all the world if I knew that I were not in the grace of God. But if I were in a state of sin, do you think the Voice would come to me? I would that every one could hear the Voice as I hear it.
- Third public examination (24 February 1431); part of this testimony has sometimes been paraphrased: If I am not in the state of grace, may God put me there; and if I am, may God so keep me.
- Of the love or hatred God has for the English, I know nothing, but I do know that they will all be thrown out of France, except those who die there.
- Trial records (15 March 1431)
- You say that you are my judge. I do not know if you are! But I tell you that you must take good care not to judge me wrongly, because you will put yourself in great danger. I warn you, so that if God punishes you for it, I would have done my duty by telling you!
- Jeanne's warning to Bishop Cauchon (15 March 1431)
Quotes about Joan of Arc edit
- Sorted alphabetically by author or source
- We declare that you are fallen again into your former errors and under the sentence of excommunication which you originally incurred we decree that you are a relapsed heretic; and by this sentence which we deliver in writing and pronounce from this tribunal, we denounce you as a rotten member, which, so that you shall not infect the other members of Christ, must be cast out of the unity of the Church, cut off from her body, and given over to the secular power: we cast you off, separate and abandon you, praying this same secular power on this side of death and the mutilation of your limbs, to moderate its judgment towards you, and if true signs of repentance appear in you to permit the sacrament of penance to be administered to you.
- A portion of the final sentence pronounced on Joan after her trial, as quoted in The Trial of Jeanne D’arc (1931), by Pierre Champion, as translated by Coley Taylor and Ruth H. Kerr
- God forgive us: we have burned a saint.
- An anonymous English soldier after the execution, as quoted in Fools, Martyrs, Traitors : The Story of Martyrdom in the Western World (1997) by Lacey Baldwin Smith, p. 11
- If I were Joan of Arc I would become governor of Puerto Rico and make my island a state — and then become president of the United States of Banana — and head south to conquer all of Latin America and the Caribbean — and swoop back north to take over Canada. I could do all that — if only I could decide between three options: Wishy, Wishy-Washy, and Washy.
- Giannina Braschi, United States of Banana (2011)
- Joanni, Joanni wears a golden cross
And she looks so beautiful in her armour
Joanni, Joanni blows a kiss to God
And she never wears a ring on her finger...
- The tide turned and the war began to go against the English. This was due in great part to the influence of a young French peasant girl, Joan of Arc. Inspired by the belief that she had been given a mission by God to deliver France from its invaders and to place the Dauphin on the throne of his fathers, she appeared before him, secured his reluctant consent to allow her to lead some troops, inspired them with her own enthusiasm and confidence, and won a great success by driving away the English who were besieging Orleans. The Dauphin himself was then stirred to greater activity and under the persuasion of the Maid of Orleans, as she came to be called, made his way to Rheims, the ancient coronation city of the French kings, and was there crowned king of France. Joan now felt that she had fulfilled her mission and asked to be allowed to return to her home, but the Dauphin insisted that she should remain with the army. Some time after this she was captured by the English. After a trial which was planned to end in but one way she was burned as a witch in the market place of Rouen. Even one of the persecutors of the innocent French patriot girl wavered and turned away, crying, "God have mercy upon us, we have burned a saint." The movement of success which Joan had begun continued, and although the French frequently wasted their opportunities, yet on the whole the reconquest of their native land went steadily on. The English were driven out of one province after another; their expeditions from England were more poorly equipped and more unsuccessful. Finally the long war came to a close in 1453 by the defeat of an English army near Bordeaux, and the loss of all their territory in France except Calais.
- Edward Potts Cheyney, in A Short History of England (1904), p. 269
- Joan was a being so uplifted from the ordinary run of mankind that she finds no equal in a thousand years. She embodied the natural goodness and valour of the human race in unexampled perfection. Unconquerable courage, infinite compassion, the virtue of the simple, the wisdom of the just, shone forth in her. She glorifies as she freed the soil from which she sprang.
- Sir Winston Churchill, in The Birth of Britain
- Joan of Arc (3.3) 5 1 3 6 6 (Her point in evolution & rays)
- Yes, it’s true. It’s true that Joan of Arc was my dream as a little girl. I discovered her toward the age of ten or twelve, when I went to France. I don’t remember where I read about her, but I recall that she immediately took on a definite importance for me. I wanted to sacrifice my life for my country. It seems like foolishness and yet ... what happens when we’re children is engraved forever in our lives.
- Indira Gandhi. quoted in Oriana Fallaci. (2011). Interview with Indira Gandhi, in : Interviews with history and conversations with power. New York: Rizzoli.
- Who in the moment of victory remains inaccessible to vanity and hate, who in the midst of popular enthusiasm lives in humility and prayer, who in the universal crush of ambition covets neither profit nor honours.
- Jean Gerson, scholar, educator, reformer and poet, and Chancellor of the University of Paris. Gerson was also one of the first individuals to publicly defend Joan of Arc and proclaim her supernatural volition as authentic. This statement he made is inscribed in the Cole Gallery in Ruffner Hall at Longwood University in Farmville, Virginia. Joan of Arc is the patron saint of Longwood University and featured in two prominent statues on campus.
- Joan of Arc was perhaps the most wonderful person who ever lived in the world. The story of her life is so strange that we could scarcely believe it to be true, if all that happened to her had not been told by people in a court of law, and written down by her deadly enemies, while she was still alive.
- Andrew Lang, in The Story of Joan of Arc (1906), Ch. 1 : The Childhood of Joan of Arc
- They burned her cruelly to death in the marketplace of Rouen, with eight hundred soldiers round the stake, lest any should attempt to save her. They had put a false accusation on a paper cap, and set it on her head : it was written that she was "Heretic, Relapsed, Apostate, Idolatress." This was her reward for the bravest and best life that was ever lived.
- Andrew Lang, in The Story of Joan of Arc (1906), Ch. 18 : The End of the Maid
- And now I know how Joan of Arc felt
Now I know how Joan of Arc felt
As the flames rose to her roman nose
And her Walkman started to melt
- The courage of Joan of Arc was made the subject of a popular lecture not long ago by one of our intelligent citizens.
- Lucretia Mott, "Why Should Not Woman Seek to Be a Reformer?" (1854)
- I have always responded to challenges, followed apocalyptical personalities, apostles, Rasputins, Joan of Arcs who hear voices that come from Heaven, illuminated guides of humanity, holders of truth, priests.
- Elena Poniatowska "A Question Mark Engraved on my Eyelids" in The Writer on Her Work (1992), translated from Spanish by Cynthia Steele
- Jehanne... If you come from God, I do not fear you … if you come from the Devil, I fear you even less.
- Constable de Richemont, who went on to serve at her side in the Battle of Patay.
- I saw myself in front of an angry mob, facing a firing squad, weeping incomprehensible sorrows and forgiving them! — Like Joan of Arc!
- Arthur Rimbaud, A Season in Hell
- If Joan had been malicious, selfish, cowardly, or stupid, she would have been one of the most odious persons known to history instead of one of the most attractive.
- Must then a Christ perish in torment in every age to save those that have no imagination?
- George Bernard Shaw, of Joan's martyrdom, in Saint Joan : A Chronicle Play In Six Scenes And An Epilogue (1923)
- She is easily and by far the most extraordinary person the human race has ever produced.
- Whatever thing men call great, look for it in Joan of Arc, and there you will find it.
- Mark Twain, in Personal Recollections of Joan of Arc, by the Sieur Louis de Conte(1896), p. 7; a novel presented as a translation by "Jean Francois Alden" of memoirs by Louis de Conte
See also edit
- Joan of Arc at NNDB
- Catholic Encyclopedia
- Online collection founded in 1997. Displayed for educational or research purposes
- The Jeanne d'Arc Centre
- Joan of Arc in the First World War by B.J. Omanson
- Joan of Arc Museum in Rouen, France
- St. Joan of Arc Center of Albuquerque, New Mexico, maintained by Virginia Frohlick
- Médailles Jeanne d’Arc · French site containing pictures and descriptions of Medallions devoted to Joan of Arc