Arnold J. Toynbee
British historian, author of A Study of History
- Of the twenty or so civilizations known to modern Western historians, all except our own appear to be dead or moribund, and, when we diagnose each case, in extremis or post mortem, we invariably find that the cause of death has been either War or Class or some combination of the two. To date, these two plagues have been deadly enough, in partnership, to kill off nineteen out of twenty representatives of this recently evolved species of human society; but, up to now, the deadliness of these scourges has had a saving limit.
- Civilization on Trial (1948), chapter 2, p. 23.
- Now civilizations, I believe, come to birth and proceed to grow by successfully responding to successive challenges. They break down and go to pieces if and when a challenge confronts them which they fail to meet.
- Civilization on Trial (1948), chapter 4, p. 56.
- Civilization is a movement and not a condition, a voyage and not a harbor.
- As quoted in Reader's Digest (October 1958).
- Variation: Civilization is a movement, not a condition. It is a voyage, not a harbor.
- As quoted in The Social Welfare Forum (1968) by the National Conference on Social Welfare.
- The human race's prospects of survival were considerably better when we were defenceless against tigers than they are today when we have become defenceless against ourselves.
- "Man and Hunger: The Perspectives of History" (Speech to the World Food Congress, January 9, 1963).
- The supreme accomplishment is to blur the line between work and play.
- Statement of 1964, as quoted in Mindfulness edited by Ellen J. Langer, p. 133; also in Social Creativity Vol. 2 (1999) edited by Alfonso Montuori and Ronald E. Purser.
- We shall have to share out the fruits of technology among the whole of mankind. The notion that the direct and immediate producers of the fruits of technology have a proprietary right to these fruits will have to be forgotten. After all, who is the producer? Man is a social animal, and the immediate producer has been helped to produce by the whole structure of society, beginning with his own education.
- Surviving the Future (1971), Oxford University Press, 1972, p. 95.
- Compassion is the desire that moves the individual self to widen the scope of its self-concern to embrace the whole of the universal self.
- The Toynbee-Ikeda Dialogue: Man Himself Must Choose (1976).
- … the dogma that History is just "one damned thing after another...."
- "Law and Freedom in History," A Study of History, Vol. 2 (1957). The embedded quotation is attributable to Elbert Hubbard.
- Man’s true end is to glorify God and to enjoy Him for ever. [The source of this quotation (with "chief" in place of "true") is the Westminster Shorter Catechism, http://www.reformed.org/documents/wsc/index.html?_top=http://www.reformed.org/documents/WSC.html.]
- As quoted in Watchtower ONLINE LIBRARY
The Trend of International Affairs Since the War (1931)Edit
- Address to the 1931 Copenhagen conference as published in International Affairs : Journal of the Royal Institute of International Affairs (November 1931)
- If we are frank with ourselves, we shall admit that we are engaged on a deliberate and sustained and concentrated effort to impose limitations upon the sovereignty and independence of the fifty or sixty local sovereign independent States which at present partition the habitable surface of the earth and divide the political allegiance of mankind.
It is just because we are really attacking the principle of local sovereignty that we keep on protesting our loyalty to it so loudly. The harder we press our attack upon the idol, the more pains we take to keep its priests and devotees in a fool’s paradise—lapped in a false sense of security which will inhibit them from taking up arms in their idol’s defense. The local national state, invested with the attributes of sovereignty — is an abomination of desolation standing in the place where it ought not. It has stood in that place now — demanding and receiving human sacrifices from its poor deluded votaries — for four or five centuries. Our political task in our generation is to cast the abomination out, to cleanse the temple and to restore the worship of the divinity to whom the temple rightfully belongs. In plain terms, we have to re-transfer the prestige and the prerogatives of sovereignty from the fifty or sixty fragments of contemporary society to the whole of contemporary society — from the local national states by which sovereignty has been usurped, with disastrous consequences, for half a millennium, to some institution embodying our society as a whole.
In the world as it is today, this institution can hardly be a universal Church. It is more likely to be something like a League of Nations. I will not prophesy. I will merely repeat that we are at present working, discreetly but with all our might, to wrest this mysterious political force called sovereignty out of the clutches of the local national states of our world. And all the time we are denying with our lips what we are doing with our hands...
A Study of History (1934–1961)Edit
- So-called racial characteristics are not really racial at all but are due to the historical experiences of the communities in question.
- The value of the goal lies in the goal itself; and therefore the goal cannot be attained unless it is pursued for its own sake.
- There is no such thing as gratitude in international politics.
- On this showing, the nature of the breakdowns of civilizations can be summed up in three points: a failure of creative power in the minority, an answering withdrawal of mimesis on the part of the majority, and a consequent loss of social unity in the society as a whole.
- Vol. 4 (1948), part B, p. 6.