Drunkenness, also known as inebriation or alcohol intoxication, is a physiological state that occurs when a person has a high level of ethanol (alcohol) in their blood. Common symptoms of alcohol intoxication include slurred speech, euphoria, impaired balance, loss of muscle coordination (ataxia), flushed face, reddened eyes, reduced inhibition, and erratic behavior. In severe cases, it can cause coma or death.
- The use of intoxicating drinks as a beverage is as much an infatuation as is the smoking of opium by the Chinese, and the former is quite as destructive to the success of the business man as the latter.
- P. T. Barnum, American showman. ‘Sundry Business Enterprises’, Ch XIV, The Life of P. T. Barnum (1855).
- It would not be too much to say that if all drinking of fermented liquors could be done away, crime of every kind would fall to a fourth of its present amount, and the whole tone of moral feeling in the lower order might be indefinitely raised.
- Drunkenness is the vice of a good constitution or of a bad memory—of a constitution so treacherously good that it never bends till it breaks; or of a memory that recollects the pleasures of getting intoxicated, but forgets the pains of getting sober.
- Charles Caleb Colton, Lacon, vol. II (1823), # 38.
- If we take habitual drunkards as a class, their heads and their hearts will bear an advantageous comparison with those of any other class. There seems ever to have been a proneness in the brilliant and warm-blooded to fall in to this vice. The demon of intemperance ever seems to have delighted in sucking the blood of genius and generosity.
- Abraham Lincoln, Address to the Washington Temperance Society, Springfield, Illinois, 22 February (1842).
- Men intoxicated are sometimes stunned into sobriety.
- Lord Mansfield, Rex v. Wilkes (1769), 4 Burr. Part IV. 2563; reported in James William Norton-Kyshe, The Dictionary of Legal Quotations (1904), p. 106, which notes: "This dictum of Lord Mansfield probably means that if a person is intoxicated by drink or by success or by anything which practically takes away sober reasoning, that anything which startles him will bring it back again. We see the same in ordinary life : any sudden surprise or shock will put a person in full possession of his senses. This seems the most correct interpretation of the dictum. Says Coke : "Homo potest esse hahilis et inhabilis diversis temporibus": A man may be capable and incapable at different times. —5 Co. 98".
- Qui peccat ebrius; luat sobrius.
- Translated: "Let him who sins when drunk, be punished when sober".
- Kendrick v. Hopkins (1580), Cary's Rep. 133; reported and translated in James William Norton-Kyshe, The Dictionary of Legal Quotations (1904), p. 106.
- He that kyllyth a man drunk, sobur schal be' hangyd.
- Reported as a common proverb in T. Starkey, "England in Reign of Henry VIII.," Bk. I., Ch. II. (S. Pole); reported in James William Norton-Kyshe, The Dictionary of Legal Quotations (1904), p. 106, note 3.
- Drunkenness, for example, is temporary suicide: the happiness that it brings is merely negative, a momentary cessation of unhappiness.
- Bertrand Russell, The Conquest of Happiness (1958), p. 23.
- The prohibition law, written for weaklings and derelicts, those who cannot control their appetites, has divided the nation, like Gaul, into three parts — wets, drys and hypocrites.
- Florence Sabin (February 9, 1931), reported in Catholic World: Volume 133 (1931), p. 66.
- In the mid nineteenth century, the typical murderer was a drunken illiterate; a hundred years later the typical murderer regards himself as a thinking man.
- Colin Wilson in The Encyclopedia of Modern Murder 1962-1983, Introductory Essay, p. xiv