branch of mathematics studying categories, functors, and natural transformations
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- Category theory plays somewhat the same role in algebra and topology that set theory plays in analysis.
- Brayton Gray: Homotopy Theory: An Introduction to Algebraic Topology. Academic Press. 12 November 1975. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-08-087380-0.
- The cornerstone of Category Theory is the Yoneda lemma. It asserts that a category may be embedded in the category of all contravariant functors from this category to the category Set of sets, the morphisms in Set being the usual maps. This allows us, in some sense, to reduce Category Theory to Set Theory. The Yoneda lemma naturally leads to the notion of representable functor, and in particular to that of adjoint functor.