Bethlehem (Arabic: بيت لحم Bayt Laḥm (help•info) "House of Meat" Bēt Laḥm,lit. "House of Bread"; Hebrew: בֵּית לֶחֶם Bēṯ Leḥem, Modern: Bet Leḥem [bet ˈleχem], lit. "House of Bread"; Ancient Greek: Βηθλεέμ [bɛːtʰle.ém]) is a Palestinian city located in the central West Bank, about 10 kilometers south of Jerusalem. It is thought the original name was Beit Lachama, from the Canaanite god Lachama. The earliest mention of the city is in the Amarna correspondence, 1350-1330 BCE, as "Bit-Lahmi". The Hebrew Bible identifies it as the city David was from and where he was crowned as the king of Israel. The New Testament identifies Bethlehem as the birthplace of Jesus. The city is inhabited by one of the oldest Christian communities in the world.
- In Bethlehem the cave is pointed out where He was born, and the manger in the cave where He was wrapped in swaddling clothes. And the rumor is in those places, and among foreigners of the Faith, that indeed Jesus was born in this cave who is worshipped and reverenced by the Christians.
- Origen of Alexandria in: Pilgrimage in the Holy Land: Israel, AuthorHouse, 2013, p. 335.
- And it came to pass, as the angels were gone away from them into heaven, the shepherds said one to another, Let us now go even unto Bethlehem, and see this thing which is come to pass, which the Lord hath made known unto us.
- Bible in:The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, The University Press, 1882, p. 120.
- Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
Saying, Where is he that is born King of the Jews? for we have seen his star in the east, and are come to worship him.
- Bible in: The New Testament of Our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, Porter & Coates, 1881, p. 25.
- And the third lot came up for the children of Zebulun according to their families: and the border of their inheritance was unto Sarid:
And their border went up toward the sea, and Maralah, and reached to Dabbasheth, and reached to the river that is before Jokneam;
And turned from Sarid eastward toward the sun rising unto the border of Chislothtabor, and then goeth out to Daberath, and goeth up to Japhia,
And from thence passeth on along on the east to Gittahhepher, to Ittahkazin, and goeth out to Remmonmethoar to Neah;
And the border compasseth it on the north side to Hannathon: and the outgoings thereof are in the valley of Jiphthahel:
And Kattath, and Nahallal, and Shimron, and Idalah, and Bethlehem: twelve cities with their villages.
- Bible in: Hendrickson Bibles Complete Evangelical Parallel Bible-PR-KJV/NKJV/NIV/NLT, Hendrickson Publishers, 1 February 2013, p. 542.
- And these were of the father of Etam; Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash: and the name of their sister was Hazelelponi:
And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah, the father of Bethlehem.
- Bible in: Frederic Charles Cook The Holy Bible, According to the Authorized Version (A.D. 1611): Romans-Philemon, John Murray, 1873, p. 188.
- And it came to pass on the morrow, which was the second day of the month, that David's place was empty: and Saul said unto Jonathan his son, Wherefore cometh not the son of Jesse to meat, neither yesterday, nor to day?
And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem:
And he said, Let me go, I pray thee; for our family hath a sacrifice in the city; and my brother, he hath commanded me to be there: and now, if I have found favour in thine eyes, let me get away, I pray thee, and see my brethren. Therefore he cometh not unto the king's table.
- Bible in: The Holy Bible, in the Authorized Version, Volume 2, Rivingtons, 1878, p. 47.
- And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!
And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto the LORD.
- Bible in: William E. Manley Biblical Review, A. Tompkins, 1874, p. 311.
- So they two went until they came to Bethlehem. And it came to pass, when they were come to Bethlehem, that all the city was moved about them, and they said, Is this Naomi?
And she said unto them, Call me not Naomi, call me Mara: for the Almighty hath dealt very bitterly with me.
- Bible in: Reverend Terrance J. Shaw The Shaw's Revised King James Holy Bible, Trafford Publishing, 18-Aug-2010, p. 153.
- But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared,
Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;
Which he shed on us abundantly through Jesus Christ our Saviour;
That being justified by his grace, we should be made heirs according to the hope of eternal life.
- Bible in: The New Testament of Our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, The University Press, 1882, p. 452.
- Matthew 2:16 - Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men.
- Bible in: Bible verses related to Bethlehem from the King James Version, King James Bible Online.
- Micah 5:2 - But thou, Bethlehem Ephratah, [though] thou be little among the thousands of Judah, [yet] out of thee shall he come forth unto me [that is] to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forth [have been] from of old, from everlasting.
- Bible in Bible verses related to Bethlehem from the King James Version, King James Bible Online.
- Matthew 2:1 - Now when Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judaea in the days of Herod the king, behold, there came wise men from the east to Jerusalem,
- Bible in Bible verses related to Bethlehem from the King James Version, King James Bible Online
- And Rachel [Jacob’s wife] died, and was buried in the way to Ephrath, which is Bethlehem.
- Bible in: Willibald Sauerlander The Catholic Rubens: Saints and Martyrs, Getty Publications, 15 April 2014, p. 258.
- MAGDALENE, n. An inhabitant of Magdala. Popularly, a woman found out. This definition of the word has the authority of ignorance, Mary of Magdala being another person than the penitent woman mentioned by St. Luke. It has also the official sanction of the governments of Great Britain and the United States. In England the word is pronounced Maudlin, whence maudlin, adjective, unpleasantly sentimental. With their Maudlin for Magdalene, and their Bedlam for Bethlehem, the English may justly boast themselves the greatest of revisers.
- Ambrose Bierce in: The Devil's Dictionary: Easyread Large Bold Edition, ReadHowYouWant.com, 13-Feb-2009, p. 184.
- O little town of Bethlehem,
How still we see thee lie;
Above thy deep and dreamless sleep
The silent stars go by.
- Phillip Brooks in: Martin Connell Eternity Today, Vol. 1: On the Liturgical Year: On God and Time, Advent, Christmas, Epiphany, Candlemas, A&C Black, 01-Nov-2006, p. 137.
- I danced in the morning
When the world was begun,
And I danced in the moon
And the stars and the sun,
And I came down from heaven
And I danced on the earth,
I had my birth.
Dance, then, wherever you may be,
I am the Lord of the Dance, said he,
And I'll lead you all, wherever you may be,
And I'll lead you all in the Dance, said he.
- Sydney Carter in: Living the Eucharist: Celebrating Its Rhythm in Our Lives, Twenty-Third Publications, 2005, p. 7.
- The Star of Bethlehem was a star of hope that led the wise men to the fulfillment of their expectations, the success of their expedition. Nothing in this world is more fundamental for success in life than hope, and this star pointed to our only source for true hope.
- Jesus Christ quoted by James Kennedy in Christmas Stories for the Heart in: Reed Markham The Book of Christmas Hope, Lulu.com, p. 91.
- Are you willing to believe that love is the strongest thing in the world - stronger than hate, stronger than evil, stronger than death - and that the blessed life which began in Bethlehem nineteen hundred years ago is the image and brightness of the eternal love?
- Henry Van Dyke in: William Powell Tuck Christmas Is for the Young... Whatever Their Age: 16 Christmas Sermon Stories, CSS Publishing, 1 January 2007, p. 105.
- Eternal God, this holy night is radiant with the brilliance of your one true light. May that light illuminate our hearts and shine in our words and deeds. May the hope, the peace, the joy, and the love represented by the birth in Bethlehem this night fill our lives and become part of all that we say and do. May we share the divine life of your son Jesus Christ, even as he humbled himself to share our humanity. Amen.
- Rev Richard J Fairchild in: Daniel A. Armah Lessons of Christmas, Xulon Press, 2011, p. 217.
- Christmas in Bethlehem. The ancient dream: a cold, clear night made brilliant by a glorious star, the smell of incense, shepherds and wise men falling to their knees in adoration of the sweet baby, the incarnation of perfect love.
- Lucinda Franks in: Reed Markham The Book of Christmas Hope, Lulu.com, p. 63.
- The stars which shone over Babylon and the stable in Bethlehem still shine as brightly over the Empire State Building and your front yard today. They perform their cycles with the same mathematical precision, and they will continue to affect each thing on earth, on cluding man, as long as the earth exists.
- Linda Goodman in: Linda Goodman's Sun signs, Bantam Books, 1968, p. 482
- One response was given by the innkeeper when Mary and Joseph wanted to find a room where the Child could be born. The innkeeper was not hostile; he was not opposed to them, but his inn was crowded; his hands were full; his mind was preoccupied. This§ is the answer that millions are giving today. Like a Bethlehem innkeeper, they cannot find room for Christ. All the accommodations in their hearts are already taken up by other crowding interests. Their response is not atheism. It is not defiance. It is preoccupation and the feeling of being able to get on reasonably well without Christianity.
- Billy Graham in: Tricia Goyer Generation NeXt Parenting: A Savvy Parent's Guide to Getting it Right, Doubleday Religious Publishing Group, 23 June 2010, p. 313.
- Take time to be aware that in the very midst of our busy preparations for the celebration of Christ's birth in ancient Bethlehem, Christ is reborn in the Bethlehem's of our homes and daily lives. Take time, slow down, be still, be awake to the Divine Mystery that looks so common and so ordinary yet is wondrously present.
- Edward Hays quoted in: Rev. Bob FillierMinistry Message , St. Thomas United Church.
- So death lay in arrest. But at Bethlehem the bless'd Nothing greater could be heard Than a dry wind in the thorn, the cry of the One new-born, And cattle in stall as they stirred.
- C.S. Lewis in: Clive Staples Lewis, Chad WalshThe Visionary Christian: 131 Readings from C.S. Lewis, Macmillan, 1981, p. 188.
- The Magi and the Star of Bethlehem.
We three kings of Orient are;
Bearing gifts we traverse afar,
Field and fountain, moor and mountain,
Following yonder star.
O star of wonder, star of night,
Star with royal beauty bright,
Westward leading, still proceeding,
Guide us to thy perfect light.
- Born a King on Bethlehem’s plain
Gold I bring to crown Him again,
King forever, ceasing never,
Over us all to reign.
- Frankincense to offer have I;
Incense owns a Deity nigh;
Prayer and praising, voices raising,
Worshipping God on high.
- Myrrh is mine, its bitter perfume
Breathes a life of gathering gloom;
Sorrowing, sighing, bleeding, dying,
Sealed in the stone cold tomb.
- John Henry Hopkins, Jr. quoted in Probe Ministries in: The Star of Bethlehem, Bible Organization, and also in A Book of Feasts and Seasons, Gracewing Publishing, 1992, p. 65.
- From the Christmas carol, "We Three Kings of Orient Are," introducing to what seems to be the only ubiquitous biblical symbol during the Christmas season, the star of Bethlehem.
- There were only a few shepherds at the first Bethlehem. The ox and the donkey understood more of the first Christmas than the high priests in Jerusalem. And it is the same today.
- Thomas Merton quoted in: Lance Colkmire Evangelical Sunday School Lesson Commentary 2013-2014, Pathway Press, 5 January 2012, p. 164.
- The triple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn in 7 B.C. was seen in the constellation Pisces in the months of May, September, and December. This provides sufficient time for the magi to see the first conjunction, begin their trip west to Judea, visit Herod by the second conjunction or at least soon afterwards, and perhaps not reach Bethlehem until the third conjunction when it is said to have appeared in the southern sky, and Bethlehem is just south of Jerusalem. Remember how the magi rejoiced to see the star again as they departed Jerusalem for Bethlehem.
- Probe Ministries in: [https://bible.org/article/star-bethlehem The Star of Bethlehem], Bible Organization.
- Christ was born in the first century, yet He belongs to all centuries. He was born a Jew, yet He belongs to all races. He was born in Bethlehem, yet He belongs to all countries.
- George W. Truett in: George Sweeting Who Said That?: More than 2,500 Usable Quotes and Illustrations, Moody Publishers, 1 September 1995, p. 101.
- Bethlehem lies 10 kilometres south of the city of Jerusalem, in the fertile limestone hill country of the Holy Land. Since at least the 2nd century AD people have believed that the place where the Church of the Nativity, Bethlehem, now stands is where Jesus was born. One particular cave, over which the first Church was built, is traditionally believed to be the Birthplace itself. In locating the Nativity, the place both marks the beginnings of Christianity and is one of the holiest spots in Christendom.
- UNESCO in: Birthplace of Jesus: Church of the Nativity and the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem, whc.unesco.org
- O Come All Ye Faithful, Joyful and triumphant. O come ye, O come ye to bethlehem. Come and behold Him, Born the King of Angels; O come, let us adore Him, O come, let us adore Him, O come, let us adore Him, Christ the Lord.
- John Wade (1744) quoted in: Kenneth W. Osbeck Amazing Grace: 366 Inspiring Hymn Stories for Daily Devotions, Kregel Publications, 01-May-2002, p. 352.
- In Search Of Our Kneeling Places
In each heart lies a Bethlehem,
an inn where we must ultimately answer
whether there is room or not.
When we are Bethlehem-bound
we experience our own advent in his.
When we are Bethlehem-bound
We can no longer look the otherway
Conveniently not seeing stars
not hearing angel voices.
We can no longer excuse ourselves by busily
tending our sheep or our kingdoms.
- Ann Weems in: Kneeling in Bethlehem, Westminster John Knox Press, 2004, p. 19
- This Advent let's go to Bethlehem.
and see this thing that the Lord has made known to us.
In the midst of shopping sprees.
let's ponder in our hearts the Gift of Gifts.
Through the tinsel let's look for the gold of the Christmas Star.
In the excitement and confusion, in the merry chaos
Let us listen to the brush of angels’ wings
This Advent, let's go to Bethlehem and find our kneeling places.
- Ann Weems in: Kneeling in Bethlehem, p. 19.
- Hark the herald angels sing
'Glory to the newborn King!
Peace on earth and mercy mild,
God and sinners reconciled'
Joyful, all ye nations rise
Join the triumph of the skies
With the angelic host proclaim:
'Christ is born in bethlehem'
Hark! The herald angels sing 'Glory to the newborn King!'
- Charles Wesley quoted in: Seventh-day Advenist Hymnal Word Edition, Review and Herald Pub Assoc, p. 30.
The Magi Visit the MessiahEdit
Mathew in: Matthew 2 New International Version (NIV) The Magi Visit the Messiah, Bible Gateway
- After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, w:MagiMagi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, “Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star when it rose and have come to worship him.
- When King Herod heard this he was disturbed, and all Jerusalem with him. When he had called together all the people’s chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Messiah was to be born. “In Bethlehem in Judea,” they replied, “for this is what the prophet has written:
- But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah,
are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
for out of you will come a ruler
who will shepherd my people Israel.
- Then Herod called the Magi secretly and found out from them the exact time the star had appeared. He sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and search carefully for the child. As soon as you find him, report to me, so that I too may go and worship him.
- After they had heard the king, they went on their way, and the star they had seen when it rose went ahead of them until it stopped over the place where the child was. When they saw the star, they were overjoyed. On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts of gold, frankincense and myrrh. And having been warned in a dream not to go back to Herod, they returned to their country by another route.