olive plant, species of plant used as food

The Olive (Olea Europœa) is a small trees in the family Oleaceae, native to the coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean Basin (the adjoining coastal areas of southeastern Europe, western Asia and northern Africa) as well as northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian Sea. Its fruit, also called the olive, is of major agricultural importance in the Mediterranean region as the source of olive oil. The tree and its fruit give its name to the plant family, and several languages derive their word for 'oil' from the name of this tree and its fruit.

Luise Begas-Parmentier: Under Olive trees in a Park in Taormina
The fruit of the olive tree are called olives.


  • See there the olive grove of Academe,
    Plato's retirement, where the Attic bird
    Trills her thick-warbled notes the summer long.
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