Mohammad Mosaddegh

former Prime Minister of Iran

Mohammad Mosaddegh, also spelled Mosaddeq, (Persian: محمد مصدق‎) (16 June 1882 – 5 March 1967) was an author, administrator, lawyer, and parliamentarian, who was elected as the prime minister of Iran in 1951. His administration introduced a wide range of progressive social and political reforms, notably the nationalization of the Iranian oil industry, which had been under British control since 1913 through the Anglo-Persian Oil Company. His government was overthrown in a coup d'état orchestrated by the British MI6 and the American CIA.

Dr. Mohammad Mosaddegh


  • The moral aspect of oil nationalization is more important than its economic aspect.
  • There is no political or moral yardstick by which the court can measure its judgment in the case of nationalization of the oil industry in Iran [...] under no condition we will accept the jurisdiction of the court on the subject. We cannot put ourselves in the dangerous situation which might arise out of the court's decision.
    • Refusing to allow the International Court in the Hague to rule on his nationalisation of oil interests
  • Yes, my sin — my greater sin and even my greatest sin is that I nationalized Iran's oil industry and discarded the system of political and economic exploitation by the world's greatest empire. This at the cost to myself, my family; and at the risk of losing my life, my honor and my property. With God's blessing and the will of the people, I fought this savage and dreadful system of international espionage and colonialism.
    • Defending himself against a treason charge, on 19 December, 1953


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