Mahdi (/ˈmɑːdi/; Arabic: مهدي, mahdī, English: Guided One) is the title of the prophesied redeemer of Islam who will rule for seven, nine, or nineteen years (according to differing interpretations) before the Day of Judgment (yawm al-qiyamah / literally, the Day of Resurrection) and rid the world of evil. According to Islamic traditions, the Mahdi's tenure will coincide with the Second Coming of Jesus Christ (Isa), who will assist the Mahdi against the Masih ad-Dajjal (literally, the "false Messiah" or Antichrist). Differences exist in the concept of the Mahdi between Sunni Muslims and adherents of the Shia tradition; for Sunnis, the Mahdi is Muhammad's successor who is yet to come, while for most Shia Muslims, the Mahdi was born but disappeared and will remain hidden from humanity until he reappears to bring justice to the world.
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- The face of the Mahdi shall shine upon the surface of the Moon.
- Muhammad ibn Isa at-Tirmidhi, in Jami` at-Tirmidhi (c. 884)
- During the occultation of the Wali al-'Asr (may God hasten his reappearance), the leadership of the Islamic world devolve upon the just and pious person, who is fully aware of the circumstances of his age, courageous, resourceful, and possessed of administrative ability.
- Article 5 [Office of Religious Leader] of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, on Supreme Leader in Iran ruling pending the appearance of Wali al-'Asr (Mahdi); (see Khomeini and Khamenei)
- Christ will, of course, be Muslim. He will return as a Muslim. It is said that he will break the cross and kill the pigs. He will abide by what Islam permits and prohibits. He will pray behind the Mahdi and then, Islam will rule the entire world.
- The Mahdi is the 12th descendant of the prophet Mohammad, whose reappearance is predicted for a time when the Muslims are suffering from disaster and injustice; true Islamic rule is possible only upon his return.
- Banafsheh Zand-Bonazzi, in "Mullahs vs. Mullahs"
- Muhammad bin Hammam and Muhammad bin al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin Jumhoor narrated from al-Hasan bin Muhammad bin Jumhoor from his father from Sulayman bin Suma’a from Abul Jarood that Abu Ja'far al-Baqir (s) had said: “When al-Qa'im appears in Mecca, his caller will announce that no one is to carry with him food or drink. He (al-Qa'im) will carry with him the rock of Prophet Moses, which is as a burden of a camel. Whenever they stop to rest, the rock will well. Hungry and thirsty ones will eat and drink and feed their cattle until they will reach Najaf, which is near Kufa.”
- Basa’ir ad-Darajat p.188, Al-Kafi, vol.1 p.231, Kamal ad-Deen p.670, al-Khara'ij wel Jara'ih, vol.2 p.690, Muntakhab al-Anwar al-Mudhee’a p.199, Ithbat al-Hudat, vol.3 p.440, 541, Hilyatul Abrar, vol.2 p.579, 580, Biharul Anwar, vol.13 p.185, vol.52 p.324, 325, 335
- Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Sa'eed bin Oqda narrated from Ali bin al-Hasan at-Taymali from Muhammad bin Ali from Muhammad bin Issma'eel bin Buzay’ from Mansoor bin Younus bin Bazraj from Hamza bin Hamran from Salim al-Ashall that Abu Ja'far al-Baqir (s) had said: “Prophet Moses (s) looked up in the first Pentateuch what abilities and virtues would be given to al-Qa'im of Muhammad’s family and then he said: “O my Lord, make me al-Qa'im of Muhammad’s family!” It was said to him: “He is from Muhammad’s progeny.” He looked up in the second Pentateuch and he found the same things. He prayed Allah for the same thing and he was answered with the same answer. Then he opened the third Pentateuch and found the same thing. He asked his Lord for the same thing and the same was said to him.”
- Iqd ad-Durar p.26, as-Sirat al-Mustaqeem, vol.2 p.257, Ithbat al-Hudat, vol.3 p.541, 614, Biharul Anwar, vol.51 p.77, Mo’jam Ahadeeth al-Imam al-Mahdi, vol.3 p.246