Ivan Pavlov

Russian physiologist

Ivan Petrovich Pavlov (Russian: Иван Петрович Павлов) (September 14, 1849February 27, 1936) was a Russian physiologist, psychologist, and physician. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1904 for research pertaining to the digestive system. Pavlov was widely known for first describing the phenomenon now known as classical conditioning in his experiments with dogs.

Don't become a mere recorder of facts, but try to penetrate the mystery of their origin.

QuotesEdit

  • Perfect as is the wing of a bird, it never could raise the bird up without resting on air. Facts are the air of a scientist. Without them you never can fly. Without them your "theories" are vain efforts.
    • Bequest of Pavlov to the Academic Youth of His Country. Science, Vol. 83, Issue 2155, pg. 369 (1936)
  • The Sun-Paul must consider only one thing: what is the relation of this or that external reaction of the animal to the phenomena of the external world?
    • Scientific Study of So-Called Psychical Processes in the Higher Animals (1906).
  • Mankind will possess incalculable advantages and extraordinary control over human behavior when the scientific investigator will be able to subject his fellow men to the same external analysis he would employ for any natural object, and when the human mind will contemplate itself not from within but from without.
    • Scientific Study of So-Called Psychical Processes in the Higher Animals.
  • Learn the ABC of science before you try to ascend to its summit.
    • Bequest to the Academic Youth of Soviet Russia (1936).
  • Learn, compare, collect the facts!
    • Bequest to the Academic Youth of Soviet Russia.
  • I was, I am and will remain the Russian, the son of the Motherland. Her life first of all I will be interested in. I will live with her interests. With her’s dignity I will strengthen mine.

Quotes about PavlovEdit

  • It makes not a bit of difference that Pavlov was a devout physicalist who felt that a scientific treatment of conscious experience was impossible. In time-honored scientific fashion, good data outlast the orientation of the investigators who collected them.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

Wikipedia has an article about:
Psychology
Themes about Psychology HistoryPhilosophyPortalPsychologist
Basic
psychology
AbnormalAffective scienceAffective neuroscienceBehavioral geneticsBehavioral neuroscienceBehaviorismCognitive/CognitivismCognitive neuroscienceSocialComparativeCross-culturalCulturalDevelopmentalDifferentialEcologicalEvolutionaryExperimentalGestaltIntelligenceMathematicalMoralNeuropsychologyPerceptionPersonalityPositivePsycholinguisticsPsychophysiologyQuantitativeSocialTheoretical
Applied
psychology
AnomalisticApplied behavior analysisAssessmentClinicalCoachingCommunityConsumerCounselingCriticalEducationalErgonomicsFeministForensicHealthIndustrial and organizationalLegalMediaMedicalMilitaryMusicOccupational healthPastoralPoliticalPsychometricsPsychotherapyReligionSchoolSport and exerciseSuicidologySystemsTraffic
Methodologies Animal testingArchival researchBehavior epigeneticsCase studyContent analysisExperimentsHuman subject researchInterviewsNeuroimagingObservationPsychophysicsQualitative researchQuantitative researchSelf-report inventoryStatistical surveys
Psychologists Wilhelm Wundt (1832–1920) •William James (1842–1910) •Ivan Pavlov (1849–1936) •Sigmund Freud (1856–1939) •Edward Thorndike (1874–1949) •Carl Jung (1875–1961) •John B. Watson (1878–1958) •Clark L. Hull (1884–1952) •Kurt Lewin (1890–1947) •Jean Piaget (1896–1980) •Gordon Allport (1897–1967) •J. P. Guilford (1897–1987) •Carl Rogers (1902–1987) •Erik Erikson (1902–1994) •B. F. Skinner (1904–1990) •Donald O. Hebb (1904–1985) •Ernest Hilgard (1904–2001) •Harry Harlow (1905–1981) •Raymond Cattell (1905–1998) •Abraham Maslow (1908–1970) •Neal E. Miller (1909–2002) •Jerome Bruner (1915–2016) •Donald T. Campbell (1916–1996) •Hans Eysenck (1916–1997) •Herbert A. Simon (1916–2001) •David McClelland (1917–1998) •Leon Festinger (1919–1989) •George A. Miller (1920–2012) •Richard Lazarus (1922–2002) •Stanley Schachter (1922–1997) •Robert Zajonc (1923–2008) •Albert Bandura (1925–2021) •Roger Brown (1925–1997) •Endel Tulving (b. 1927) •Lawrence Kohlberg (1927–1987) •Noam Chomsky (b. 1928) •Ulric Neisser (1928–2012) •Jerome Kagan (1929–2021) •Walter Mischel (1930–2018) •Elliot Aronson (b. 1932) •Daniel Kahneman (b. 1934) •Paul Ekman (b. 1934) •Michael Posner (b. 1936) •Amos Tversky (1937–1996) •Bruce McEwen (1938–2020) •Larry Squire (b. 1941) •Richard E. Nisbett (b. 1941) •Martin Seligman (b. 1942) •Ed Diener (1946–2021) •Shelley E. Taylor (b. 1946) •John Anderson (b. 1947) •Ronald C. Kessler (b. 1947) •Joseph E. LeDoux (b. 1949) •Richard Davidson (b. 1951) •Susan Fiske (b. 1952) •Roy Baumeister (b. 1953)