Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun, (Persian: نصیر الدین محمد همایون; full title: Nasir ud-din Muhammad Humayun Padshah Ghazi, Zillullah) (6 March 1508 – 27 January 1556) was the second emperor of the Mughal Empire, who ruled over territory in what is now Afghanistan, Pakistan, Northern India, and Bangladesh from 1530 to 1540 and again from 1555 to 1556. Like his father, Babur, he lost his kingdom early but regained it with the aid of the Safavid dynasty of Persia, with additional territory. At the time of his death in 1556, the Mughal Empire spanned almost one million square kilometres.
- Indeed Suleiman the Magnificent, deserves to be called the only Padshah on Earth.
- as quoted in Pan-Islamism: Indian Muslims, the Ottomans and Britain, 1877-1924 (1997) by Azmi Ozcan During a discussion with the Ottoman Admiral Syedi Ali Reis, the Mughal Emperor Humayun.
- He holds aloft the banner of Islam and knocks down the infamous idols. He does away with people of infidelity and hostility (of Islam).
- Khwand Amir: Qanun-i Humayuni, M. Hidayat Hosain ed., Calcutta 1940. Cited in Harsh Narain, The Ayodhya Temple Mosque Dispute: Focus on Muslim Sources, p. 66-67