Help:Special page

This is a copy of the master help page at m:Help:Special page. Do not edit this page. Edits will be lost in the next update from the master page. Either edit the master help page for all projects at Meta, or edit the project-specific text at Template:Ph:Special page. You are welcome to copy the exact wikitext from the master page at Meta and paste it into this page at any time.


  1. Searching, Go Button
  2. What links here
  3. Random page
  4. Special Pages
  5. Printable Version

Tracking Changes

  1. Recent Changes
  2. Enhanced recent Changes
  3. Related Changes
  4. Watching pages
  5. Page History
  6. Diff
  7. User Contributions


  1. Logging in
  2. Preferences
  3. User Style

The namespace "Special:" consists of "special pages". These have no corresponding wikitext; they are created by the software on demand. Some depend on the preferences that have been set, e.g. classic or enhanced Recent Changes, and the number of titles in Recent Changes and the watchlist, etc.

Alphabetical order


This section appears in Help:Page name, Help:Category, and Help:Special page.

The system applies alphabetical order only in page names, namely in the following features:

They are in Unicode order: the range 32-127 corresponds to ASCII, for more characters see w:en:Table of Unicode characters, 128 to 999, etc.

Thus we have the following partial list showing the order:


Note in particular that "Z" comes before "a", and "z" before "é". The blank space within a page name is treated as an underscore, and therefore comes after the capitals, and before the lower case letters. However, a "blank space" after the name comes before any character. Sometimes a special character looks like a regular letter, but has a special code anyway.

Thus we have the order PC, PCX, PC Bruno, PCjr, Κύρια Σελίδα.

See also:

Special pages for all users


All of the below linked Special pages produce content particular to whatever wiki you are viewing this document on. If you are looking for a list of the available Special pages from a given wiki, use its Special:Specialpages page to get a list, or try viewing the page on this wiki, then editing your web address to change the server name, leaving the page portion intact.

Special pages
Special:Specialpages : A list of all special pages
Special:Preferences : Set your user preferences; for some project families, notably Wikicities, this applies for the whole family. See Help:Preferences.
My watchlist
Special:Watchlist : Show the pages you are watching. (Watchlist help)
Recent changes
Special:Recentchanges : The latest edits in the project.
Upload file
Special:Upload : Upload a file to the wiki.
Image list
Special:Imagelist : List of images uploaded that can be sorted by size or date
User list
Special:Listusers : A list of all registered users. For some project families, notably Wikicities, this applies for the whole family.
Admins list
Special:Listadmins : A list of all Administrators.
Special:Statistics : total number of pages and users
Random page
Special:Randompage : redirects to a random page from the main namespace which is not a redirect.
Orphaned pages
Special:Lonelypages : Lonely articles.
Uncategorized pages
Special:Uncategorizedpages : Pages without category tags (note that after adding a tag to a page refreshing this page does not immediately reflects the change)
Unused images
Wanted pages
Special:Wantedpages : Articles which have been requested / most wanted.
Short pages
Special:Shortpages - pages in the main namespace, with size (of the wikitext excluding that of templates used) in bytes, in order of increasing size
Long pages
Special:Longpages - pages in the main namespace, with size in bytes, in order of decreasing size
New pages
Special:Newpages : new pages in the main namespace - newest pages in the main namespace, with creation date and time, current size, user who created the page, and first edit summary, in reverse order of creation
Oldest pages
Special:Ancientpages - pages in the main namespace, with creation date and time, in order of creation
Dead-end pages
Special:Deadendpages : Pages without any outgoing links.
All pages
Special:Allpages : all pages in a specified namespace in alphabetical order, including redirects (unfortunately without showing which are redirects); is on Wikimedia sometimes temporarily disabled.
From MediaWiki 1.5 one can also select all namespaces except a specified one; thus, although one cannot have a single list of all pages, one can select a small namespace and use the invert option, to get almost all pages. Namespace prefixes are given, but the sortkey is the pagename without prefix.
List of blocked IP addresses and usernames
Special:Ipblocklist : Blocked IPs and usernames
Book sources
Special:Booksources : ISBN Book Sources
Export pages
Special:Export : Produces an XML file containing the wikitext and metadata of either the current version only, or all revisions, of one or more pages, specified in the form of a list; the XML file is in the format required for Special:Import; exporting is typically done either in preparation of applying the latter at another MediaWiki project, or for searching within old page revisions. See Help:Export and import.
Special:Version : The version of the software the site is currently running
Wikimedia Board of Trustees election
Special:Boardvote : Voting software for the now finished elections
Special:SiteMatrix : list of all projects
Talk page
Special:Mytalk : Link to the talk page of the user who follows it.

Restricted special pages

Block user
Special:Blockip : Sysop only. Used to block or unblock users, IPs and ranges of IPs.
From MediaWiki 1.5 :
Import pages
Special:Import : Sysop only. Imports the wikitext and metadata of one or more revisions of one or more pages by uploading an XML file in the format produced by Special:Export (typically after applying the latter at another MediaWiki project). See Help:Export and import.
Restore deleted page
Special:Undelete : Sysop only. One way to undelete a page.
Make a user into a sysop
Special:Makesysop : Bureaucrat only.
Lock database
Special:Lockdb : Developer only. Puts the wiki in read only mode.
Unlock database
Special:Unlockdb : Developer only. Puts the wiki in read/write mode.
Show process list
Special:ShowProcesslist : Developer only.

Currently unavailable special pages

SQL query
Special:Asksql : Sysop only. Database interface for running queries. Currently disabled.
All system messages
Special:Allmessages : Displays all pages in the MediaWiki namespace. Currently disabled.
Unicode Converter
Special:UnicodeConverter : Converts Unicode to HTML entities : Not currently available outside of the test wiki
Popular pages
Special:Popularpages : The most visited pages. Currently disabled.
Maintenance page
Special:Maintenance : Currently disabled.


  • Special:Log - combined display of upload, deletion, protection, blocking, and sysop logs. You can narrow down the view by selecting a log type, the user name (case-sensitive!), or the affected page (usual case-sensitivity, but full name required, e.g. "Image:Map South Holland.png".

Old logs on Wikiquote, until Dec 2004:



Special pages can be linked to as usual, like Special:Recentchanges.

Special pages requiring a target page:

Special pages requiring a target user:

Special page allowing a starting page:

In some cases the full URL has to be given, like an external link, for example // (last 10 changes).

Redirects to Special pages have been disabled because of their complications.

"Special:" in URLs is e.g. "Speciaal" in Dutch, "Spezial" in German, "Speciális:" in Hungarian and "מיוחד:" in Hebrew. See e.g the prefix of "Recentchanges" in the URL of the link to the Recent changes.

On a special page the tab labelled with the namespace, in this case "Special Page", oddly links to the Main page.

See also


Wikiquote-specific content

Help contents - all pages in the Help namespace: Meta b: c: n: w: q: wikisource wiktionary

Reading: Overview | Go | Search | URL | Namespace | Page name | Section | Link | Backlinks | Piped link | Interwiki link | Redirect | Variable | Category
Tracking changes: Recent | (enhanced) | Related | Watching pages | Page history | Diff | User contributions | Edit summary | Minor edit
Logging in and preferences: Logging in | Preferences | User style
Editing: Overview| New page | Images/files | Image description page | Special characters | Formula | Table | EasyTimeline | Template intro | Renaming (moving) a page | Automatic conversion of wikitext | Talk page | Testing | rlc
Projects: Meta (master page) | Wikibooks | Wikicommons | Wikinews | Wikipedia | Wikiquote | Wikisource | Wiktionary
For other languages see Meta.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: