George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
English statesman and poet
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George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham, KG, PC, FRS (30 January 1628 – 16 April 1687) was an English dramatist, poet, politician, wit and rake.
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- The world is made up, for the most part, of fools and knaves, both irreconcileable foes to truth.
- "Letter to Mr. Clifford, on his Human Reason"; cited from The Works of His Grace, George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham (London: T. Evans, 1770) vol. 2, p. 105.
- Variant (modernized spelling): The world is made up, for the most part, of fools and knaves, both irreconcilable foes to truth.
- She that would raise a noble love must find
Ways to beget a passion for her mind;
She must be that which she to the world would seem,
For all true love is grounded on esteem:
Plainness and truth gain more a generous heart
Than all the crooked subtleties of art.
- "To His Mistress", cited from The Works of His Grace, George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham (London: T. Evans, 1770) vol. 2, p. 138.
- The world's a wood, in which all lose their way,
Though by a different path each goes astray.
- "A Satyr upon the Follies of the Men of the Age", line 109; cited from The Works of His Grace, George Villiers, the Duke of Buckingham (London: T. Evans, 1770) vol. 2, p. 156
- Methinks, I see the wanton houres flee,
And as they passe, turne back and laugh at me.
- As quoted in The Encyclopædia Britannica (1910)
- O! what a prodigal have I been of that most valuable of all possessions — Time!
- Last recorded words, as quoted in The Encyclopædia Britannica (1910)
The Rehearsal (1671)Edit
- Quotations from The Rehearsal are cited from Simon Trussler (ed.) Burlesque Plays of the Eighteenth Century (London: Oxford University Press, 1969).
- We might well call this short Mock-play of ours
A Posie made of Weeds instead of Flowers;
Yet such have been presented to your noses,
And there are such, I fear, who thought 'em Roses.
- Our Poets make us laugh at Tragœdy,
And with their Comoedies they make us cry.
- Why, Sir, when I have anything to invent, I never trouble my head about it, as other men do; but presently turn over this Book, and there I have, at one view, all that Perseus, Montaigne, Seneca's Tragedies, Horace, Juvenal, Claudian, Pliny, Plutarch's lives, and the rest, have ever thought upon this subject: and so, in a trice, by leaving out a few words, or putting in others of my own, the business is done.
- Bayes, Act I, sc. i
- All these threatening storms, which, like impregnate Clouds, hover o'er our heads, will (when they once are grasp'd but by the eye of reason) melt into fruitful showers of blessings on the people.
- Physician, Act II, sc. i
- What a Devil is the Plot good for, but to bring in fine things?
- Bayes, Act III, sc. i
- Ay, now the Plot thickens very much upon us.
- Bayes, Act III, sc. iv
- The blackest Ink of Fate, sure, was my Lot,
And, when she writ my Name, she made a blot.
- Pretty-man, Act III, sc. iv
- A Lady that was drown'd at Sea, and had a wave for her Winding sheet.
- Bayes, Act IV, sc, i
- I drink, I huff, I strut, look big and stare;
And all this I can do, because I dare.
- Drawcansir, Act IV, sc. I
- Quotations from Buckingham's commonplace book are cited from Robert D. Hume and Harold Love (eds.) Plays, Poems, and Miscellaneous Writings Associated with George Villiers, Second Duke of Buckingham (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007), vol. 2.
- Kisses are but like sands of gold and silver, found upon the ground which are not worth much themselves but as they promise a mine near too be dig'd.
- P. 195
- There are few have Dana's fortune, to have God and gold togather.
- P. 221
- Often misquoted as "How few, like Daniel, have God and gold together".
- A mans fame and hayre grow most after death, and are both equally uselesse.
- P. 268
- Make my breast
Transparent as pure crystal, that the world,
Jealous of me, may see the foulest thought
My heart holds.
- Beaumont and Fletcher Philaster, Act III, sc. ii, line 144.
- These lines are used almost unaltered ("holds" becoming "does hold") in Act III, sc. ii of Buckingham's The Restauration, an adaptation of Philaster. They appear with an attribution to Buckingham in many 19th century collections of quotations, e.g. Henry George Bohn A Dictionary of Quotations from the English Poets (1867) p. 63, and hence also on several quotation websites.
- Nature's chief masterpiece is writing well.
- John Sheffield, 1st Duke of Buckingham and Normanby "An Essay on Poetry", line 2; cited from The Poetical Works of the Most Noble John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham (Edinburg [sic]: Apollo Press, 1780) p. 281.
- Misattributed in Temple Bar (February 1863) p. 377, and by Giga Quotes.
Quotes about George Villiers, 2nd Duke of BuckinghamEdit
- He had no principles of religion, virtue, or friendship. Pleasure, frolic, or extravagant diversion, was all that he laid to heart. He was true to nothing, for he was not true to himself.
- Gilbert Burnet History of His Own Time (London: William S. Orr, 1850)
- A man so various, that he seemed to be
Not one, but all mankind's epitome:
Stiff in opinions, always in the wrong;
Was everything by starts, and nothing long;
But, in the course of one revolving moon,
Was chemist, fiddler, statesman, and buffoon. …
Beggar'd by fools, whom still he found too late,
He had his jest, but they had his estate.
- John Dryden Absalom and Achitophel, line 545
- Buckingham was a sated man of pleasure, who had turned to ambition as a pastime. As he had tried to amuse himself with architecture and music, with writing farces and with seeking for the philosopher's stone, so he now tried to amuse himself with a secret negotiation and a Dutch war.
- Lord Macaulay The History of England from the Accession of James II (London: J. M. Dent, 1934) vol. 1, p. 168.
- The first gentleman of person and wit I think I ever saw.
- Sir John Reresby, as quoted in The Encyclopædia Britannica (1910)