Darius I of Persia

An untruth must be spoken, where need requires.

Darius I (or Darius the Great; c. 549 BC – 486 BC) was the son of Hystaspes and king of Persia from 522 BC to 486 BC.


  • An untruth must be spoken, where need requires. For whether men lie, or say true, it is with one and the same object. Men lie, because they think to gain by deceiving others; and speak the truth, because they expect to get something by their true speaking, and to be trusted afterwards in more important matters. Thus, though their conduct is so opposite, the end of both is alike. If there were no gain to be got, your true-speaking man would tell untruths as much as your liar, and your liar would tell the truth as much as your true-speaking man.
    • As quoted in The Histories by Herodotus, 3.72

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