Daphne (mythology)

Greek mythological figure

Daphne, character from Greek mythology, is a naiad, a variety of female nymph associated with fountains, wells, springs, streams, brooks and other bodies of freshwater.

Apollo & Daphne (Giovanni Battista Tiepolo, C.E.1744/45)

Quotes on Daphne edit

  • Perhaps, if you tasted it once more | The Thousandth Part of The Joys, | Who tastes a beloved heart by loving, | You would say, repentantly, sighing: | All time is lost, | That in love you don't spend. (Torquato Tasso)

Note edit

  • R. S. P. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek proto-form *dakw-(n)-. Daphne is etymologically related to Latin laurus, "laurel tree" (Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, pp. 306–7).
  • Pausanias, 10.7.8
  • Hyginus, Fabulae 203; Ovid, Metamorphoses 1.452
  • Pausanias, 8.20.1 & 10.7.8; Philostrarus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 1.16; Statius, Thebaid 4.289; Nonnus, Dionysiaca 42.386
  • Tzetzes ad Lycophron, 6; First Vatican Mythographer 2.216
  • Scholiast on Pindar's Olympian Odes 6.143
  • Parthenius, Erotica Pathemata 15 citing Diodorus of Elaea, fr. & Phylarchus, fr. as the sources
  • Ovid, Metamorphoses 1.452; the treatment is commonly viewed as an Ovidian invention: see H. Fränkel, Ovid: A Poet Between Two Worlds (1945), p. 79, or E. Doblhofer, "Ovidius Urbanus: eine Studie zum Humor in Ovids Metamorphosen" Philologus 104 (1960), p. 79ff; for the episode as a witty transposition of Calvus' Io, see B. Otis, Ovid as an Epic Poet, 2nd ed., 1970, p. 102
  • Translation, line 456, Loeb Classical Library
  • Ovid, Metamorphoses 1.452
  • "The Metamorphoses". Archived from the original on April 19, 2005. Retrieved 2017-11-17. Translation by A. S. Kline, 2000.
  • [Naso], Ovid [Publius Ovidius (2008-09-11), "Metamorphoses", in Melville, A. D; Kenney, Edward J (eds.), Oxford World's Classics: Ovid: Metamorphoses, Oxford University Press, pp. 1–380, doi:10.1093/oseo/instance.00080405, ISBN 9780199537372
  • J. L. Lightfoot, tr. Parthenius of Nicaea: the poetical fragments and the Erōtika pathēmata 1999, notes to XV, Περὶ Δάφνης, pp. 471ff.
  • King Amyclas is also the father of another of Apollo's lover, Hyacinthus.
  • Lightfoot (1999), p. 471.
  • Pausanias, 8.20.2
  • Pausanias, 8.20.3
  • Pausanias, 10.7.8
  • Pausanias, 8.20.4
  • Hyginus, Fabulae 203
  • Philostratus, Life of Apollonius of Tyana 1.16
  • Nonnus, Dionysiaca 33.217-220
  • Lucian, Dialogues of the Gods Hermes and Apollo II
  • Lucian, Dialogues of the Gods Love and Zeus
  • MacCoull, Leslie S. B. “TWO LOVES I HAVE : DIOSCORUS, APOLLO, DAPHNE, HYACINTH.” Byzantion, vol. 77, Peeters Publishers, 2007, pp. 305–14.
  • R. S. P. Beekes has suggested a Pre-Greek proto-form *dakw-(n)-. Daphne is etymologically related to Latin laurus, "laurel tree" (Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, pp. 306–7).
  • G. Shipley, "The Extent of Spartan Territory in the Late Classical and Hellenistic Periods", The Annual of the British School at Athens, 2000.
  • Pausanias, 3.24.8; Lilius Gregorius Gyraldus, Historiae Deorum Gentilium, Basel, 1548, Syntagma 10, is noted in this connection in Gründliches mythologisches Lexikon, Benjamin Hederich, 1770
  • Karl Kerenyi, The Gods of the Greeks, 1951:141
  • Built over 8th century walls and apsidal building beneath the naos, all betokening a Geometric date for the sanctuary.
  • Richardson, Rufus B. (July 1895). "A Temple in Eretria". The American Journal of Archaeology and of the History of the Fine Arts. 10 (3): 326–337. doi:10.2307/496539. JSTOR 496539.; Paul Auberson, Eretria. Fouilles et Recherches I, Temple d'Apollon Daphnéphoros, Architecture (Bern, 1968). See also Plutarch, Pythian Oracle, 16.

Sources edit

  • Ovid. Metamorphoses, Volume I: Books 1–8. Translated by Frank Justus Miller. Revised by G. P. Goold. Loeb Classical Library No. 42. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 1977, first published 1916. ISBN 978-0-674-99046-3. Online version at Harvard University Press.
  • Hyginus, Gaius Julius, The Myths of Hyginus. Edited and translated by Mary A. Grant, Lawrence: University of Kansas Press, 1960.
  • Pausanias, Pausanias' Description of Greece with an English Translation by W.H.S. Jones, Litt.D., and H.A. Ormerod, M.A., in 4 Volumes. Cambridge, MA, Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1918. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library.
  • Parthenius of Nicaea, Parthenius of Nicaea: the poetical fragments and the Erōtika pathēmata J.L. Lightfoot, 2000, ISBN 0-19-815253-1. Reviewed by Christopher Francese at The Bryn Mawr Classical Review
  • Lucian, Dialogues of the Gods; translated by Fowler, H. W. and F. G. Oxford: The Clarendon Press. 1905.
  • Philostratus, Philostratus: Apollonius of Tyana. Letters of Apollonius, Ancient Testimonia, Eusebius's Reply to Hierocles, ed. Christopher P. Jones. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press 2006 (Loeb Classical Library no. 458), ISBN 0-674-99617-8. (Greek texts and English translations)
  • Nonnus, Dionysiaca; translated by Rouse, W H D, III Books XVI–XXXV. Loeb Classical Library No. 354, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann Ltd. 1940. Internet Archive

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