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- Singapore has become a stratified society. Years of unevenly distributed growth in a neoliberal growth regime has led to emergence of a class of working and non-working poor who face insurmountable challenges in uplifting themselves from a cycle of poverty.
- Irene Y. H. Ng, (August 2015)"Being Poor in a Rich “Nanny State”: Developments in Singapore Social Welfare". The Singapore Economic Review 60 (03): 1550038. DOI:10.1142/S0217590815500381. Republished in Lim, Linda Y. C., ed. Singapore's Economic Development: Retrospection And Reflections. World Scientific. p. 279. ISBN 978-981-4723-48-0.
- The prophets ... hurled their "woe be unto you" against those who oppressed and enslaved the poor, those who joined field to field, and those who deflected justice by bribes. These were the typical actions leading to class stratification everywhere in the ancient world, and were everywhere intensified by the development of the city-state (polis).