Zviad Gamsakhurdia

1st President of Georgia (1991–92)

Zviad Konstantines dze Gamsakhurdia (31 March 193931 December 1993) was a Georgian politician, human rights activist, dissident, professor of English language studies and American literature at Tbilisi State University, and writer who became the first democratically elected President of Georgia in May 1991.

Zviad Gamsakhurdia in 1988


  • The Georgian Republic aspires to its worthy place in the world's community of states; it affirms and equally guarantees, as envisioned by international law, all the fundamental rights and freedoms of the individual, of nations, ethnic, religious, and linguistic groups as demanded by the rules of the United Nations...