Wars of the Roses

series of dynastic wars

The Wars of the Roses (1455–1489) were a series of civil wars fought over the throne of England between adherents of the House of Lancaster and the House of York. Both houses were branches of the Plantagenet royal house, tracing descent from King Edward III.


  • I know of no one in the realm who would not more fitly to come to me than I to him.
  • Who that woll make ony more lette hym seke other bookis kynge Arthure or of sir Launcelot and sir Trystrams; for this was drawen by a knyght presoner, sir Thomas Malleoré, that God send him good recover.
  • Somewhat musing
    And more mourning,
    In remembering
    This world being
    Of such wheeling,
    Me contrarying,
    What may I guess?

    I fear, doubtless,
    Is now to seize
    My woeful chance;
    For unkindness,
    And no redress,
    Me doth advance.

    With displeasure,
    To my grievance,
    And no surance
    Of remedy;
    Lo, in this trance,
    Now in substance,
    Such is my dance,
    Willing to die.

    Methinks truly
    Bounden am I,
    And that greatly,
    To be content;
    Seeing plainly
    Fortune doth wry
    All contrary
    From mine intent.

    My life was lent
    Me to one intent.
    It is nigh spent.
    Welcome Fortune!
    But I ne went
    Thus to be shent
    But she it meant:
    Such is her won.

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