province of Islamic Republic of Pakistan
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- As it is, everything in India attracts me. It has everything that a human being with the highest possible aspirations can want. But when I first visited Sind in 1916, it attracted me in a special way and a bond was established between the Sindbis and me that has proved capable of bearing severe strains. I have been able to deliver to the Sindhis bitter truths without being misunderstood.
- Mahatma Gandhi, Young India, Vol. 11, 1929. p. 60
- [But, in spite of these alliances the power of the Arabs in Sindh continued to decline...] The people of India returned to idolatry with the exception of the inhabitants of Qassah. A place of refuge to which the Moslems might flee was not be found, so he built on the further side of a lake, where it borders on al-Hind, a city which he named al-Mahfuzah establishing it as a place of refuge for them, where they should be secure.... The governors kept fighting the enemy and seizing whatever came into their hands, and subduing the neighbourhood whose inhabitants rebelled.
- Baladhuri, Kitab Futuh al-Buldan. quoted in Misra, R. G. (2005). Indian resistance to early Muslim invaders up to 1206 A.D. p.27
- The toleration which the native Sindians enjoyed in the practice of their religion, was greater than what was usually conceded in other countries; but it was dictated less by any principle of justice or humanity, than the impossibility of suppressing the native religion by the small number of Arab invaders. ...But, where power had, for a short time, enabled the Moslims to usurp the mastery, the usual bigotry and cruelty were displayed. At Debal, the temples were demolished, and mosques founded; a general massacre endured for three whole days; prisoners were taken captive; plunder was amassed... At Nairun, the idols were broken, and mosques founded, notwithstanding its voluntary surrender... At Kawar, and 'Askalanda, all the men in arms were put to the sword, and the women and children carried away captive. At Multan, all men capable of bearing arms were massacred; six thousand ministers of the temple were made captive, besides all the women and children; and a mosque was erected in the town.
- Sind under the Arabs, in Elliot & Dowson, I, 469. quoted in Misra, R. G. (2005). Indian resistance to early Muslim invaders up to 1206 A.D. p.27
- The conquest of Sindh was the first and last great achievement of the Arabs in India.
- R.C. Majumdar, Classical Age, quoted in Misra, R. G. (2005). Indian resistance to early Muslim invaders up to 1206 A.D. p.119