Sikandar Shah

Sultan of Bengal

Abul Mujāhid Sikandar Shāh (Bengali: আবুল মুজাহিদ সিকান্দর শাহ, Persian: ابو المجاهد سكندر شاه‎), commonly known as Sikandar Shah; was the second Sultan of Bengal and the Ilyas Shahi dynasty. He was the son of Shamsuddin Ilyas Shah. Sikandar Shah continued to project the imperial ambitions of his father. He defeated the Sultan of Delhi in 1359. His reign is also noted for its grandiose architectural projects.


  • The Adina (Friday) mosque at Padua, the largest in medieval India, was built by Sultan Sikandar Shah (r. 1358-89), son and successor of Shams ud din Ilyas Shah (r. 1352-58), founder of the Ilyas Shahi dynasty. An inscription on the mosque dated 1375 ce proclaimed Sikandar Shah as “the most perfect of the Sultans of Arabia and Persia ...”. That was an open declaration that the political and cultural orientation of the Ilyas Shahi kings “lay, not in Delhi or Central Asia, but much further to the west — in Mecca, Medina, Shiraz, and ancient Ctestiphon.” There was no reference to any sovereign of the Indian subcontinent “where he was actually ruling”.
    • Jain, M. (2019). Flight of deities and rebirth of temples: Episodes from Indian history.223ff quoting (Eaton 1994)
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