Shaikh Jalaluddin Tabrizi

Shaikh Jalaluddin Tabrizi a famous Sufi who was born at Tabriz, Iran and came to Bengal during the early period of Muslim rule. He was a disciple of Shaikh Abu Sayyid Tabrizi, but after the latter's death became a disciple of Shaikh Shahabuddin Suhrawardi. The date of the death of Shaikh Jalaluddin Tabrizi is a subject of controversy. Two dates are put forward: 623 AH/ 1226 AD, and 642 AH/1244 AD.


  • The second most outstanding disciple of Shaikh Shihabu’d-Din Suhrawardi, who became famous in Bengal, was Shaikh Jalalu’d-Din Tabrizi. He studied at several places, including Bukhara. Shaikh Jalalu’d-Din and his father were disciples of Shaikh Abu Sa’id Tabrizi, but after the latter’s death Shaikh Jalalu’d-Din went to Baghdad and became the disciple of Shaikh Shihabu’d-Din. He excelled over all the Shaikh’s disciples in serving his pir. Shaikh Shihabu’d-Din was, at that time, quite elderly but continued to perform his yearly hajj. Because of his age, cold food was harmful to him. Shaikh Jalalu’d-Din devised and had made a special type of stove on which pots of hot food could be kept warm. He carried it on his head, dispensing food to the Shaikh whenever it was needed. He continued to serve his pir with great devotion for seven years.... Shaikh Jalalu’d-Din had many disciples in Bengal. He first lived at Lakhnauti, constructed a khangah and attached a langar to it. He also bought some gardens and land to be attached to the monastery. He moved to Devatalla (Deva Mahal) near Pandua in northern Bengal. There a kafir (either a Hindu or a Buddhist) had erected a large temple and a well. The Shaikh demolished the temple and constructed a takiya (khangqah) and converted a large number of kafirs.
    • Rizvi S.A.A. (1978) A History of Sufism in India, Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers, New Delhi, Vol. I, p. 199 ff. [1] (also quoted in Khan, M. A. (2011). Islamic Jihad: A legacy of forced conversion, imperialism and slavery. Chapter IV)

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