American businessman, publisher, and politician, US Navy and Army boat pilot, escaped slave (1839-1915)
Robert Smalls (April 5, 1839 – February 23, 1915), born into slavery, was an American businessman, publisher, and politician.
- My race needs no special defense, for the past history of them in this country proves them to be equal of any people anywhere. All they need is an equal chance in the battle of life.
- South Carolina Constitutional Convention (1895)