Prince Andrew, Duke of York

second son and third child of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh (born 1960)

Prince Andrew, Duke of York, KG, GCVO, CD (Andrew Albert Christian Edward; born 19 February 1960) is a member of the British royal family. The third child and second son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh; his elder brother is King Charles III and as of September 2022, the Duke is eighth in the line of succession to the British throne. He is the father of princesses Beatrice and Eugenie with his former wife, Sarah, Duchess of York.

Prince Andrew (2013)

Andrew served in the Royal Navy as a helicopter pilot and instructor and as the captain of a warship. During the Falklands War, he flew on multiple missions including anti-surface warfare, casualty evacuation, and Exocet missile decoy. In 1986, he married Sarah Ferguson and was made Duke of York. They have two daughters: Princess Beatrice and Princess Eugenie. Their marriage, separation in 1992, and divorce in 1996 attracted extensive media coverage. As Duke of York, Andrew undertook official duties and engagements on behalf of his mother, Queen Elizabeth II. He served as the UK's Special Representative for International Trade and Investment for 10 years until July 2011.

Virginia Giuffre claimed that, as a 17-year old, she was sex trafficked to Prince Andrew by the American financier and convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein. The prince denied any wrongdoing. Following criticism for his association with Epstein and his interview with Emily Maitlis in a special edition of Newsnight in November 2019, he resigned from public roles in May 2020, and his honorary military affiliations and royal charitable patronages were returned to his mother Queen Elizabeth II in January 2022. He was the defendant in a civil lawsuit over sexual assault filed by Giuffre in the State of New York, which was settled out of court in February 2022.


  • So whilst I think back to a day when a young man went to war, full of bravado, I returned a changed man.
  • I put away childish things and false bravado and returned a man full in the knowledge of human frailty and suffering.
  • My reflection makes me think even harder and pray even more fervently for those in conflict today, for those family’s [sic] torn apart by the horrors they have witnessed.

Lunch with Andrew Edgecliffe-Johnson 2009

  • It’s a simple answer. That’s my life. That’s what I expect. Right? That is because of who I am and that is because of the life of the family within which I’ve been brought up. So to me this state of affairs is not extraordinary. To anybody else who looks in, they think I’m bloody mad! But that’s what we do.
    • Dinner with the FT: Prince Andrew] Andrew Edgecliffe-Johnson Financial Times 23 October 2009.
    • Prince Andrew describing his view of the his role as a member of the Royal Family fulfilling over 500 engagements a year.
  • [T]he people that I met and the opportunities that I was given to learn either by him or because of him were actually very useful.
  • I kick myself for, on a daily basis, because it was not something that was becoming of a member of the royal family [...] And we try and uphold the highest standards and practices and I let the side down, simple as that.
  • If you're a man it is a positive act to have sex with somebody [...] You have to … take some sort of positive action and so therefore if you try to forget it’s very difficult to try and forget a positive action and I do not remember anything.
  • [Explaining that he could not have had sex with Virginia Giuffre at the London home of Ghislaine Maxwell] I was with the children and I’d taken Beatrice to a Pizza Express in Woking for a party at I suppose four or five in the afternoon. And then because the duchess [Sarah Ferguson] was away, we have a simple rule in the family that when one is away the other is there.
  • [Explaining why he stayed at the New York home of Epstein, a convicted child sex offender, in 2010.] It was a convenient place to stay... At the end of the day, with the benefit of all the hindsight one can have, it was definitely the wrong thing to do. But at the time, I felt it was the honourable and right thing to do. And I admit fully that my judgment was probably coloured by my tendency to be too honourable but that is just the way it is.

About Prince Andrew, Duke of York

  • Andrew, unfortunately, exhibited classic symptoms of what is scientifically recognised as the Dunning-Kruger effect, the cognitive bias in which people come to believe that they are smarter and more capable than they really are. The combination of minimal self-awareness and dim wattage leads sufferers of this condition to overestimate their own capabilities. Years of enjoying unearned obeisance to his royal position allowed Andrew to bang on with a combination of overweening self-confidence and unchallenged ignorance. It also made him an easy mark for con men and crooks.
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