philosophers active before and during the time of Socrates
A number of early Greek philosophers active before and during the time of Socrates are collectively known as the pre-Socratics.
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- The essence of what the Presocratics have to tell us does not have to do with their doctrine but with the relation between their doctrine and the culture in which they advanced those truths.
- André Laks, The Concept of Presocratic Philosophy (2006), p. 27
- When Plato in the Sophist remarks that all those, pluralists or monists, who have spoken before him about being are tellers of myth, this is not because they did so within the framework of a theological narration (even if this is indeed the case for some of them), but because they all answer the question of the number of beings without having asked themselves what the term "is" means: their mythology consists in not raising the appropriate questions.
- André Laks, The Concept of Presocratic Philosophy (2006), p. 39