group of indigenous peoples in North America

The Ojibwe, Ojibwa, Chippewa, or Saulteaux are an Anishinaabe people in what is currently southern Canada and the northern United States.


  • Englishman, although you have conquered the French you have not yet conquered us! We are not your slaves. These lakes, these woods and mountains, were left to us by our ancestors. They are our inheritance; and we will part with them to none. Your nation supposes that we, like the white people, cannot live without bread, and pork and beef! But, you ought to know, that He, the Great Spirit and Master of Life, has provided food for us, in these spacious lakes, and on these woody mountains.
    • Minavavana, Ojibwa Chief, 1760 statement, as cited in "Wampum at Niagara: The Royal Proclamation, Canadian Legal History, and Self-Government," in Aboriginal and Treaty Rights in Canada: Essays on Law, Equality, and Respect for Difference, (Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1997), 155-172

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