Musa al-Kadhim

seventh of the Twelve Imams (745–799 CE)

Musa ibn Ja‘far al-Kadhim (c. 10 November 745 – c. 4 September 799 CE) (Arabic: موسى بن جعفر الكاظم‎ ) was the seventh Twelver w:Shi'a Imam. He was the son of w:Ja'far al-Saqiq and was the fifth generation grandson of Muhammad.

Musā al-Kadhim, along with his grandson Muhammad al-Taqi are buried within the al-Kādhimiya Mosque in Baghdad, Iraq.

General edit

  • Cheerfulness and good nature, purge hatred and rancour.
    • Muhammad Kulayni, Usul al-Kafi, vol.3, p. 162.
  • Anger is the key to any evil.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 416.
  • The likeness of this world is as the water of the sea - however much a thirsty person drinks from it, his thirst increases so much so that the water kills him.
    • Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol.78, p. 311.

Regarding Knowledge & Wisdom edit

General edit

  • Human beings have not been given anything higher than wisdom and intellect.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 419.
  • Learn sciences which offer you both your corrective destinies and corrective threats.
    • al-Nuri, Mustadrak al‑Wasā'il, vol.12, pg.166.
  • Silence is a great wisdom.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 414.
  • Association with a learned one in the slums, is by far better than sitting with an ignorant person on sumptuous and luxurious carpets.
    • Muhammad Kulayni, Usūl al-Kāfī, vol.1, p. 48.

Religious edit

  • The sleep of a wise man is far better than the worship of an ignorant one during the night.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 419.
  • Consultation with a wise advisor is a blessing, grace, guidance and success.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 420.

Religious Wisdom edit

  • The most reasonable way of blessings and honesties will be obtained through opposing sensuality.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 421.
  • Everything has a tax, and the tax for the bodies is recommended fasting.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 425.
  • A believer is as the two pans of a scale, that whenever his faith increases his afflictions increase.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 432.
  • The best means by which a slave seeks proximity to God after recognising Him, is praying, benevolence to the parents, and abandonment of envy, self-conceit and vaunting.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 412.
  • Save yourself from the wrath of Allah (swt), and do not abandon speaking the truth, even though it (apparently) causes your destruction. Know that truth does not lead into your annihilation; rather it is a saviour. Always let go of the untruth; even though it (apparently) saves you. Untruth is never a saviour, and it eventually leads into annihilation.
    • Ibn Shu’ba al-Harrani, Tuhaf al-'Uqul, p. 408.

  • When the fifth from my offspring disappears, then, I adjure you by Allah to watch for your religion so that no one would take it away from you. Without doubt, there shall be an occultation for the holder of this matter, until such time that (most) people who believe in his Imāmat would leave their belief. Verily this (occultation) is but a test by Allah, the Glorious, for his creation.
    • Majlisi, Bihārul Anwār, vol.52, p. 113 ; Muhammad Kulayni, Usūl al-Kāfī, vol.1, p. 336 ; al-Tūsī, Kitāb al-Ghayba, p. 337.

Miscellaneous edit

  • "God has two proofs over men: outward proof and inward one. As for the outward proof, it is the messengers, the prophets, and the imams. As for the inward proof, it is reason."[1]:309
  • "Believers are few and the unbelievers are legion."[2]:162
  • "Little work from a scholar is doubly accepted; much work from the men of low desire and ignorance is refused."[1]:309
  • "Try hard that your time may be four hours: one hour is for supplicating God, one hour for the affairs of the livelihood, one hour for associating with the brothers (friends) and the reliable ones who let you know your defects and who are inwardly loyal to you, and one hour for that you are alone with yourselves (and) for non-forbidden things. Through this hour you have power over the three hours."[1]:309
  • "Tell yourselves of neither poverty nor a long lifetime, for whoever tells himself of poverty becomes miserly. Whoever tells himself of a long lifetime becomes greedy."[1]:309
  • "The generous and polite is under the protection of God; He does not leave him until He makes him enter the Garden. God sends out none as a prophet except the generous."[3]:151
  • "Misfortune is one for the patient and two for the impatient."[3]:151
  • "Silence is among the doors to wisdom; it brings about love and is a proof of all good things."[3]:151
  • "Good neighbor is not refraining from harm, but good neighbor is showing patience toward harm."[3]:152
  • Quoting Ali ibn Abi Talib, "God is not served through a thing better than reason. Man's reason is not perfect unless it has various qualities: unbelief and evil from him are safe [nonexistent]. Reason and good from him are hoped. The surplus of his money is spent [on charity]. The surplus of his speech is prevented. His share of the world is only daily bread. ... Abasement along with God is more beloved to him than exaltedness along with other than Him. Humbleness is more beloved to him than high rank. He regards as much the little good from other than him and as little his own good. He sees all men better than him, and that he is the most wicked of them in his soul."[3]:132
  • "How base is the world for people, unless God gives them joy; and how great is this life, if God is not angry with them."[4]:157
  • "Our Shias [i.e., followers] see through the light (nur) of God and move through the mercy of God and succeed through the grace (beneficence, karama) of God."[2]:171
  • "The occultation of the Lord of this Cause (Sahib al-zaman, i.e., Muhammad al-Mahdi) is inevitable so that those who profess this cause may withdraw from it. This is a painful test that God has given to His creatures."[5]:114
  • "You [i.e., the Shia] have nothing to do with analogical reasoning (qiyas); those who came before you perished because of such reasoning. When it comes to a case about which you have received information, speak about it; otherwise, keep silent."[5]:15

External links edit

Wikipedia has an article about:
  1. a b c d Historical Dictionary of Islam (Third ed.). Rowman & Littlefield. 2017. ISBN 9781442277236. 
  2. a b The Charismatic Community: Shi'ite Identity in Early Islam. State University of New York Press. 2007. ISBN 9780791470336. 
  3. a b c d e Sharif al-Qarashi, Baqir (2005). The Life of Imam Musa bin Ja'far al-Kazim. Ansariyan. ISBN 9789644386398. 
  4. Donaldson, Dwight M. (1933). The Shi'ite Religion (A history of Islam in Persia and Irak). Luzac and Company. 
  5. a b The Divine Guide in Early Shi'ism: The Sources of Esotericism in Islam. State University of New York Press. 1994. ISBN 0791421228.