Lisbon is the capital and largest city of Portugal, with an estimated population of 545,796 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km2. Lisbon's urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 2.7 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3 million people live in the Lisbon metropolitan area, making it the third largest metropolitan area in the Iberian Peninsula, after Madrid and Barcelona. It represents approximately 27% of the country's population. It is mainland Europe's westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus. The westernmost portions of its metro area, the Portuguese Riviera, form the westernmost point of Continental Europe, culminating at Cabo da Roca.
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- Lisbon, that name of being and non-being
With its secret meanders of amazement, insomnia, and tin shacks
And secret glitter of something theatrical
Its conniving smile of intrigue and masks
While the wide ocean dilates west
Lisbon rocking like a great boat
Lisbon cruelly built along its own absence
- Sophia de Mello Breyner Andresen, "Lisbon", in Marine Rose: Selected Poems (1988), trans. Ruth Fainlight, p. 59.
Encyclopedic article on Lisbon on Wikipedia