Julius Ruska

German historian

Julius Ferdinand Ruska (9 February 1867, Bühl, Baden - 11 February 1949, Schramberg) was a German orientalist, historian of science and educator.


  • We can never stress enough that the Latin Alchemy of the Latin West owes nothing to the Greeks, to the Arabs it owes more or less everything. For decades we have persisted in studying fragments from the alchemists as if the contents and essence of Latin alchemy could be explained by it... It was not the Greek alchemists but the translations from original Arabic works which paved the way to Western development.
    • in Robert Halleux, ‘The Reception of Arabic Alchemy in the West', in Encyclopaedia of the History of Arabic Science, vol. 3, pp. 896-7

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