Electronic effect in molecular chemistry
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- When speaking of an atom’s ability to polarize a bond, we often use the term inductive effect. An inductive effect is simply the shifting of electrons in a σ bond in response to the electronegativity of nearby atoms. Metals, such as lithium and magnesium, inductively donate electrons, whereas reactive nonmetals, such as oxygen and nitrogen, inductively withdraw electrons. Inductive effects play a major role in understanding chemical reactivity, and we’ll use them many times throughout this text to explain a variety of chemical observations.
- John McMurry, Organic Chemistry 8th ed. (2012), Ch. 2 : Polar Covalent Bonds; Acids and Bases
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