Haryana is one of the 29 states in India, situated in North India. It was carved out of the former state of East Punjab on 1 November 1966 on a linguistic basis. It is bordered by Punjab and Himachal Pradesh to the north, and by Rajasthan to the west and south. The river Yamuna defines its eastern border with Uttar Pradesh. Haryana surrounds the country's capital Delhi on three sides, forming the northern, western and southern borders of Delhi. Consequently, a large area of south Haryana is included in the National Capital Region for purposes of planning and development.
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- Once the state of Haryana was created, of course, there remained no incentive for the Haryana politicians to press for its enlargement to encompass—and be dwarfed by—the huge area and population of the western districts of UP. Moreover, in an ironical twist concerning the issue of Jat predominance, the small state of Haryana indeed did become, in effect, a Jat dominated enclave, in which 25 per cent of the population belonged to that caste group. So, the enlargement of Haryana to include the western UP districts would have the consequence exactly opposite of what its opponents claimed to fear, namely, the reduction rather than the enhancement of Jat dominance in the larger state. Nevertheless, there remained a few diehard supporters of the old idea of a broader “Hariana” state even after the creation of the smaller Haryana.
- Paul R. Brass (13 November 2012). An Indian Political Life: Charan Singh and Congress Politics, 1957 to 1967. SAGE Publications. p. 81. ISBN 978-81-321-1715-5.