Harun al-Rashid

5th Abbasid caliph (r. 786–809)

Harun al-Rashid (17 March 763 or February 766 — 24 March 809) was the fifth Abbasid Caliph and reigned from 15 September 786 to 24 March 809.

Harun al-Rashid receiving a delegation sent by Charlemagne at his court in Baghdad. 1864 painting by Julius Köckert.


  • I endured afflictions and sowrrow
    When death took Haylanah to itself.
    I parted from my happiness when I lost her
    And care not now what it may be.
    She was my world: and when she sank
    Into her grave, I parted from my world.
    Verily people have multiplied, but I
    Behold no creature after her.
    By Allah, I shall not forget thee
    As long as the wind shaketh the boughs on the upland.
    • History of the Caliphs, p. 305
  • O, mistress of the mansion in Firk,
    And mistress of the Sultan and his kingdom
    For God's sake, spare to slay me
    For I am neither Daylam nor Turk.
    • History of the Caliphs, p. 305

Further Readings

  • Al-Suyuti, History of The Caliphs, Translated by Major H. S. Jarrett, Calcutta (India), 1881.
Wikipedia has an article about:
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Wikisource has original works by or about: