native alphabet of the Korean language
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul in South Korea and elsewhere and as Chosŏn'gŭl in North Korea and China, is the alphabet that has been used to write the Korean language since the 15th century. It was promulgated by King Sejong in 1443.
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- Han'gul is perhaps the most scientific system of writing in general use in any country.
- Whether or not it is ultimately the best of all conceivable scripts for Korean, Hangeul must be unquestionably ranked as one of the greatest intellectual achievements of humankind.
- Geoffrey Sampson, Writing systems : A linguistic introduction, 199; cited in: KSCPP (2007), Fifty Wonders of Korea: Culture and art. p. 29
- Because the speech of this country is different from that of China, it [the spoken language] does not match the [Chinese] letters. Therefore, even if the ignorant want to communicate, many of them in the end cannot state their concerns. Saddened by this, I have [had] 28 letters newly made. It is my wish that all the people may easily learn these letters and that [they] be convenient for daily use.