closeness in value, meaning or effect; relation in which difference can be neglected for practical purposes
Equivalence is similarity in in value, meaning or effect.
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- Bourgeois society is ruled by equivalence. It makes dissimilar things comparable by reducing them to abstract quantities. For the Enlightenment, anything which cannot be resolved into numbers, and ultimately into one, is illusion; modern positivism consigns it to poetry.
- Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno, Dialectic of Enlightenment E. Jephcott, trans., p. 4