Emanuel Tov

Biblical scholar and linguist

Emanuel Tov (Hebrew: עמנואל טוב‎‎; born 15 September, 1941, Amsterdam, Netherlands) is Emeritus Professor in the Department of Bible at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.


  • All arguments based on the unequal status of texts are questionable. In principle, all ancient readings have an equal status, without relation to the text or translation in which they are found.
    • Textual Criticism of the Hebrew Bible, 3rd ed. (2012), p.272
  • To a large extent textual evaluation cannot be bound by any fixed rules. It is an art in the full sense of the word, a faculty which can be developed, guided by intuition based on wide experience.
    • The Text-Critical Use of the Septuagint, 2nd ed. (1997), p.232
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