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Dharma

concept in Indian philosophy and religion
Dharma is the principle of righteousness. It is the principle of holiness. It is also the principle of Unity. … If you protect it, it will protect you. ~ Swami Sivananda

Dharma or dhamma (/ˈdɑːrmə/; Sanskrit: धर्म; Pali: धम्म) is a key concept with multiple meanings in the Indian religionsHinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, and Sikhism. The word dharma was already in use in the historical Vedic religion, and its meaning and conceptual scope has evolved over several millennia. There is no single-word translation for dharma in Western languages.

QuotesEdit

 
King Piyadasi, does not consider glory and fame to be of great account unless they are achieved through having my subjects respect Dhamma and practice Dhamma, both now and in the future. ~ Ashoka
 
Dhamma is good, but what constitutes Dhamma? (It includes) little evil, much good, kindness, generosity, truthfulness and purity. ~ Ashoka
 
Do not spend your life committing sinful deeds;
It is good for you to practice holy Dharma. ~ Milarepa
  • Beloved-of-the-Gods, King Piyadasi, does not consider glory and fame to be of great account unless they are achieved through having my subjects respect Dhamma and practice Dhamma, both now and in the future.
  • This progress among the people through Dhamma has been done by two means, by Dhamma regulations and by persuasion. Of these, Dhamma regulation is of little effect, while persuasion has much more effect. The Dhamma regulations I have given are that various animals must be protected. And I have given many other Dhamma regulations also. But it is by persuasion that progress among the people through Dhamma has had a greater effect in respect of harmlessness to living beings and non-killing of living beings.
    • Ashoka, in Edicts of Ashoka (c. 257 BC)
  • It has been said that democracy is based on the rights of man; it has been replied that it should rather take its stand on the duties of man; but both rights and duties are European ideas. Dharma is the Indian conception in which rights and duties lose the artificial antagonism created by a view of the world which makes selfishness the root of action, and regain their deep and eternal unity. Dharma is the basis of democracy which Asia must recognise, for in this lies the distinction between the soul of Asia and the soul of Europe.
    • Sri Aurobindo, March 16, 1908, quoted from Sri Aurobindo, ., Nahar, S., Aurobindo, ., & Institut de recherches évolutives (Paris). India's rebirth: A selection from Sri Aurobindo's writing, talks and speeches. Paris: Institut de Recherches Evolutives. 3rd Edition (2000). [1]
  • Once Soma, having returned from her alms round
and having eaten her meal, entered the woods to meditate.
Deep in the woods, she sat down under a tree.
The tempter Mara, desirous and capable of arousing fear, wavering and dread,
and wishing her to interrupt her focused meditation, came to her and said,
Your intent is difficult, even for the sages;
Completion cannot be reached by a woman regardless the wisdom reaped."
Then Soma thought, "Who is this speaking, human or nonhuman?
Surely it is evil Mara desiring to interrupt my focused meditation."
Knowing that it was Mara, she said,
"What does gender matter with regard to a well-composed mind,
which experiences insight in the light of the dharma?"
The evil Mara thought, "Soma knows me"
and sorrowful for the evil, instantly vanished into darkness.
  • Gautama Buddha Soma and Mara An adapation of a translation by C.A.F. Rhys-Davids
  • Where dharma prevails, there will be the rule of law and justice, and the king who follows the path of dharma is known as 'dharma raja'. Even the Machiavellian Arthashastra teaches the ideal king to "establish the rule of Dharma by commands and directives, and discipline among the people by the extension of education." The most powerful ruler or his minister could not place himself above Dharma — his subjects would immediately know his violations and chastise him.
    • Gurcharan Das, The Difficulty of Being Good : On the Subtle Art of Dharma (2010), p. 58
  • धर्मो रक्षति रक्षितः
    • Dharmo Rakshati Rakshitah
      • Dharma protected protects
        • Manusmṛti, Ch. 8, verse 15
        • Variant translation: Dharma protects those who protect Dharma.
  • One should never do that to another which one regards as injurious to one's self. This, in brief, is the rule of dharma. Yielding to desire and acting differently, one becomes guilty of adharma.
  • Do not spend your life committing sinful deeds;
    It is good for you to practice holy Dharma.
    • Milarepa, in "Song to the Hunter" as translated in The Hundred Thousand Songs of Milarepa: The Life-Story and Teaching of the Greatest Poet-Saint Ever to Appear in the History of Buddhism (1999) edited by Garma C. C. Chang
  • To me, Dharma had always been a matter of moral norms, external rules and regulations, do's and don'ts, enforced on life by an act of will. Now I was made to see Dharma as a multi dimensional movement of man's inner law of being, his psychic evolution, his spiritual growth, and his spontaneous building of an outer life for himself and the community in which he lived.
  • No language is perfect. There is no proper equivalent word in English for the Sanskrit term Dharma.
    Dharma is generally defined as righteousness or duty. Dharma is the principle of righteousness. It is the principle of holiness. It is also the principle of Unity.
    … If you protect it, it will protect you. It is your sole companion after death. It is the sole refuge of humanity.
    That which elevates one is Dharma. This is another definition. Dharma is that which leads you to the path of perfection and glory. Self-realisation is the highest Dharma. Dharma is the heart of Hindu ethics.
    • Swami Sivananda, as quoted in All about Hinduism (1977) by the Divine Life Society, p. 51
  • Remember, the centre of our national life is not politics or economy but Dharma.
    • Swami Vivekananda, quoted by H.V. Sheshadri, quoted from Elst, Koenraad (2001). Decolonizing the Hindu mind: Ideological development of Hindu revivalism. New Delhi: Rupa. p.445

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