argument, or discussion, usually in an ordered or formal setting, often with more than two people, generally ending with a vote or other decision

Debate is a formal method of interactive and position representational argument.


  • Argument is to me the air I breathe. Given any proposition, I cannot help believing the other side and defending it.
    • Gertrude Stein
    • First written as an undergraduate at Radcliffe College (1895); "The Radcliffe Manuscripts", Form and Intelligibility (1949)
  • Ignorantia non est argumentum.
    • Translation: Ignorance is no argument.
    • Baruch Spinoza, Ethica ordine geometrico demonstrata et in quinque parses distincta, Part 1, Addendum; Amsterdam, 1677.
    • Originally used to oppose traditional theological views that everything exists and is determined by divine intervention because no other plausible reason or explanation is seen.

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