Christine Delphy

French sociologist

Christine Delphy (born 9th December 1941 in Paris) is a French sociologist, feminist, writer and theorist. She was a co-founder of Mouvement de Libération des Femmes (Women's Liberation Movement) in 1970 and of the journal Nouvelles questions féministes (New Feminist Issues) with Simone de Beauvoir in 1981.


  • The rebirth of feminism coincided with the use of the term "oppression." The ruling ideology, i.e. common sense, daily speech, does not speak about oppression but about a "feminine condition." It refers back to a naturalist explanation: to a constraint of nature, exterior reality out of reach and not modifiable by human action. The term "oppression," on the contrary, refers back to a choice, an explanation, a situation that is political. "Oppression" and "social oppression" are therefore synonyms or rather social oppression is a redundance: the notion of a political origin, i.e. social, is an integral part of the concept of oppression.
    • Towards a Materialist Feminism?, Michèle Barrett and Mary McIntosh Feminist, Review No. 1 (1979), Published by: Palgrave Macmillan Journals, DOI: 10.2307/1394753

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