Bernard d'Espagnat

French physicist and philosopher (1921-2015)

Bernard d'Espagnat (22 August 1921 – 1 August 2015) was a French theoretical physicist, philosopher of science, and author, best known for his work on the nature of reality.


  • Science doesn’t give authentically access to the Real in the ontological meaning of the word, but only to the links between phenomena.
    • in Une réouverture des chemins du sens, edited by Jean Staune (2005). Science et quête de sens. Presses de la Renaissance. p. 26. ISBN 2750901251. 
  • The doctrine that the world is made up of objects whose existence is independent of human consciousness turns out to be in conflict with quantum mechanics and with facts established by experiment.
    • in The Quantum Theory and Reality, by Bernard d'Espagnat (November 1979). Scientific American. p. 158.  [1]
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