Deng Xiaoping ( Pronounced approximately "duhng shau-ping"; August 22, 1904 – February 19, 1997) was a prominent Chinese politician and reformer, and the late leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Deng never held office as the head of state or the head of government, but served as the de facto leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 to the early 1990s. He developed "Socialism with Chinese characteristics" and Chinese economic reform, also known as the "socialist market economy", and opened China to the global market.
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- It doesn't matter whether the cat is black or white, as long as it catches mice.
- Quoted in Hung Li China's Political Situation and the Power Struggle in Peking (1977), p. 107
- According to Chambers dictionary of quotations (1993), p. 315, this quote is from a speech at the Communist Youth League conference in July, 1962.
- The United States brags about its political system, but the [American] President says one thing during the election; something else when he takes office, something else at midterm and something else when he leaves.
- When asked about China's political stability by a group of American professors in 1983, as quoted in The Pacific Rim and the Western World: Strategic, Economic, and Cultural Perspectives (1987), p. 105
- A basic contradiction between socialism and the market economy does not exist.
- As quoted in Daily report: People's Republic of China, Editions 240-249 (1993), p. 30
- Variant: There are no fundamental contradictions between a socialist system and a market economy.
- Interview, Time, 4 November 1985.
- When our thousands of Chinese students abroad return home, you will see how China will transform itself.
- Quoted in Forbes, Vol. 176, Editions 7-13 (2005), p. 79
- We mustn't fear to adopt the advanced management methods applied in capitalist countries (...) The very essence of socialism is the liberation and development of the productive systems (...) Socialism and market economy are not incompatible (...) We should be concerned about right-wing deviations, but most of all, we must be concerned about left-wing deviations.
- Cited by António Caeiro in Pela China Dentro (translated), Dom Quixote, Lisboa, 2004. ISBN 972-20-2696-8
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Misattributed or apocryphal
- 致富光荣 (zhìfù guāngróng: To get rich is glorious!)
- Deng is commonly quoted with this phrase in western media but there is no proof that he actually said it
- However, this phrase in Chinese is more accurately translated as "wealth is glorious," where wealth can have a very general meaning, including knowledge, personal relationships, family: anything of value. Understood this way, the quote is not as directly controversial as a ideological/political statement, and so it is not hard to believe that he really did say this.
- One Country, Two systems.
- Actually coined by Mao Zedong, popularized by Deng Xiaoping