Last modified on 11 March 2014, at 16:32

Paul Laurence Dunbar

Paul Laurence Dunbar. Source: Wood, Norman B. White Side of a Black Subject. Chicago: American Publishing, 1897.

Paul Laurence Dunbar (June 27, 1872February 9, 1906) was an American poet and writer of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. Dunbar gained national recognition for his 1896 book of poems, Lyrics of a Lowly Life.

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  • It is a little dark still, but there are warnings of the day and somewhere out of the darkness a bird is singing to the Dawn.


  • Because you love me I have much achieved,
    Had you despised me then I must have failed,
    But since I knew you trusted and believed,
    I could not disappoint you and so prevailed.
    • Encouraged, in the 1913 collection of his work, The Complete Poems of Paul Laurence Dunbar.


  • You are sweet, O Love, dear Love,
    You are soft as the nesting dove.
    Come to my heart and bring it rest
    As the bird flies home to its welcome nest.
    • Invitation to Love, in the 1913 collection of his work, The Complete Poems of Paul Laurence Dunbar.


1975 US Postage Stamp.
  • I know what the caged bird feels, alas!
         When the sun is bright on the upland slopes;
    When the wind blows soft through the springing grass,
    And the river floats like a stream of glass;
         When the first bird sings and the first bud opes,
    And the faint perfume from its chalice steals—
    I know what the caged bird feels!

    I know why the caged bird beats his wing
         Till its blood is red on the cruel bars;
    For he must fly back to his perch and cling
    When he fain would be on the bough a-swing;
         And a pain still throbs in the old, old scars
    And they pulse again with a keener sting—
    I know why he beats his wing!

    I know why the caged bird sings, ah me,
         When his wing is bruised and his bosom sore,—
    When he beats his bars and he would be free;
    It is not a carol of joy or glee,
         But a prayer that he sends from his heart's deep core,
    But a plea that upward to Heaven he flings—
    I know why the caged bird sings!
    • Sympathy, in the 1913 collection of his work, The Complete Poems of Paul Laurence Dunbar; the poem inspired the title of Maya Angelou's book, Why the Caged Bird Sings.


  • We wear the mask that grins and lies,
    It hides our cheeks and shades our eyes,—
    This debt we pay to human guile;
    With torn and bleeding hearts we smile,
    And mouth with myriad subtleties.

    Why should the world be over-wise,
    In counting all our tears and sighs?
    Nay, let them only see us, while
         We wear the mask.

    We smile, but, O great Christ, our cries
    To thee from tortured souls arise.
    We sing, but oh the clay is vile
    Beneath our feet, and long the mile;
    But let the world dream otherwise,
         We wear the mask!
    • We Wear The Mask, in the 1913 collection of his work, The Complete Poems of Paul Laurence Dunbar.

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